Presented are three-dimensional mean velocity components and aerodynamic loss data inside circular injection holes. The holes are normally oriented to a crossflow and each hole has a sharp square-edged inlet. Because of their importance to flow behavior, three different blowing ratios, 1.0, and 2.0, and three hole length-to-diameter ratios, 1.0, and 2.0, are investigated. The entry flow is characterized by a separation bubble, and the exit flow is characterized by direct interaction with the crossflow. The uniform oncoming flow at the inlet undergoes a strong acceleration and a subsequent gradual deceleration along a converging–diverging flow passage formed by the inlet separation bubble. After passing the throat of the converging–diverging passage, the potential core flow, which is nearly axisymmetric, decelerates on the windward side, but tends to accelerate on the leeward side. The presence of the crossflow thus reduces the discharge of the injectant on the windward side, but enhances its efflux on the leeward side. This trend is greatly accentuated at In general, there are strong secondary flows in the inlet and exit planes of the injection hole. The secondary flow within the injection hole, on the other hand, is found to be relatively weak. The inlet secondary flow is characterized by a strong inward flow toward the injection-hole center. However, it is not completely directed inward since the crossflow effect is superimposed on it. Past the throat, secondary flow is observed such that the leeward velocity component induced by the crossflow is superimposed on the diverging flow. Short usually results in an exit discharging flow with a steep velocity gradient as well as a strong deceleration on the windward side, as does low The aerodynamic loss inside the injection hole originates from the inlet separation bubble, wall friction and interaction of the injectant with the crossflow. The first one is considered as the most dominant source of loss, even in the case of At the first and third sources are strongly coupled with each other. Regardless of the mass-averaged aerodynamic loss coefficient has an increasing tendency with increasing
Flow Characteristics Inside Circular Injection Holes Normally Oriented to a Crossflow: Part II—Three-Dimensional Flow Data and Aerodynamic Loss
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 45th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2000. Paper No. 2000-GT-257. Review Chair: D. Ballal.
Lee , S. W., Joo, S. K., and Lee, J. S. (February 1, 2000). "Flow Characteristics Inside Circular Injection Holes Normally Oriented to a Crossflow: Part II—Three-Dimensional Flow Data and Aerodynamic Loss ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2001; 123(2): 274–280. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1348016
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