Experimental results are presented that describe flow behavior inside circular injection holes with a sharp square-edged inlet. Oil-film flow visualizations and mean flow data are obtained in the flow symmetry plane of injection holes that are normally oriented to a crossflow. Additional visualizations inside inclined holes are also performed for inclination angles of 30 and 60 deg. Data are presented for three different length-to-diameter ratios: 1.0, and 2.0. The blowing ratio is fixed at in the flow visualizations and takes the values 1.0, and 2.0 in the flow measurements. The normal-injection flow visualization in the case of clearly demonstrates the existence of four distinct near-wall flow regions: an inlet separation region, a reattachment region, a developing region, and a near-exit flow region. When and 2.0, an inlet separation bubble is apparent with a clear imprint of recirculating flow traces, especially on the windward side, even though it is not so well organized on the opposite side. For a short hole such as however, the separation bubble with flow recirculation seems to be suppressed by the crossflow. Due to the presence of the inlet separation bubble, actual flow passage is in the form of a converging–diverging channel, regardless of the L/D values. In general, the crossflow stabilizes the inside flow on the leeward side, meanwhile destabilizes it on the windward side. On the contrary, the inclination of the injection hole in the leeward direction of the crossflow stabilizes the flow near the windward wall but destabilizes it near the leeward wall. Relatively short holes such as and 1.0 do not allow the boundary-layer development on the wall. Particularly in the case of a direct interference is observed between the complicated inlet and exit flows. The inlet flow, however, seems to be isolated from the exit flow for a long hole such as It is also found that the potential-core inside the normal injection hole comprises a converging flow region, a diverging flow region, a developing flow region, and a flow region deflected by the crossflow.
Flow Characteristics Inside Circular Injection Holes Normally Oriented to a Crossflow: Part I — Flow Visualizations and Flow Data in the Symmetry Plane
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute and presented at the 45th International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Munich, Germany, May 8–11, 2000. Manuscript received by the International Gas Turbine Institute February 2000, Paper No. 2000-GT-256. Review Chair: D. Ballal.
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Lee , S. W., Park, S. W., and Lee, J. S. (February 1, 2000). "Flow Characteristics Inside Circular Injection Holes Normally Oriented to a Crossflow: Part I — Flow Visualizations and Flow Data in the Symmetry Plane ." ASME. J. Turbomach. April 2001; 123(2): 266–273. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1344876
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