Splitter blades as a passive control technique for flow-induced vibrations are investigated by developing an unsteady aerodynamic model to predict the effect of incorporating splitter blades into the design of an axial flow blade row operating in an incompressible flow field. The splitter blades, positioned circumferentially in the flow passage between two principal blades, introduce aerodynamic and/or combined aerodynamic-structural detuning into the rotor. The unsteady aerodynamic gust response and resulting oscillating cascade unsteady aerodynamics, including steady loading effects, are determined by developing a complete first-order unsteady aerodynamic analysis together with an unsteady aerodynamic influence coefficient technique. The torsion mode flow induced vibrational response of both uniformly spaced tuned rotors and detuned rotors are then predicted by incorporating the unsteady aerodynamic influence coefficients into a single-degree-of-freedom aero-elastic model. This model is then utilized to demonstrate that incorporating splitters into axial flow rotor designs is beneficial with regard to flow induced vibrations.

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