To understand the effects of the origination and development of centralized vortices on the aerodynamic characteristics of turbine rectangular cascades with high turning angles, experiments with five-hole microspherical probes, accompanied by color helium bubble flow displays, were carried out. The measurement planes are arranged as three before, six in, and one after the cascade. The experiments reveal that the origination and development of horseshoe vortices and passage vortices as well as the interaction of the latters almost dominate the whole flow field of traditional linear cascades. Lean linear cascades favor the horseshoe vortices and passage vortices in the acute angle zone, and impede those in the obtuse angle zone. So it is a logical result to adopt the negatively curved blades, whose pressure surfaces and both endwalls compose both obtuse angles, respectively, to improve the cascade aerodynamic characteristics.

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