Selected experimental results, obtained from a detailed investigation into the flow fields within two low-speed multistage turbines, are presented. A repeating stage condition occurred typically after two stages, with the secondary flows an important factor in the low aspect ratio geometry. A tracer gas technique was employed to identify the dominant mechanisms of spanwise transport and their relative significance. In the first stages of both machines, tracer transport was more intense near the endwalls than at midspan, while in the multistage environment the transport was approximately constant across the whole span. The convective influence of classical secondary flow, shroud leakage, and wake passage through a downstream blade was identified and shown to be as significant as turbulent diffusion in effecting cross-passage and spanwise transport. The data show that spanwise transport should be included within any throughflow model and are used to calibrate two scaling models. These models are presented in Part 2, where the influence of incorporating spanwise transport into a throughflow model is investigated.

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