The effects of Reynolds number, Mach number, and turbulence on the calibrations of commonly used types of five-hole probe are discussed. The majority of the probes were calibrated at the exit from a transonic nozzle over a range of Reynolds numbers (7 × 103 < Re < 80 × 103 based on probe tip diameter) at subsonic and transonic Mach numbers. Additional information relating to the flow structure were obtained from a large-scale, low-speed wind tunnel. The results confirmed the existence of two distinct Reynolds number effects. Flow separation around the probe head affects the calibrations at relatively low Reynolds numbers while changes in the detailed structure of the flow around the sensing holes affects the calibrations even when the probe is nulled. Compressibility is shown to have little influence upon the general behavior of these probes in terms of Reynolds number sensitivity but turbulence can affect the reliability of probe calibrations at typical test Reynolds numbers.

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