The “Axial Turbobrake” (patent applied for) is a novel turbomachine that can be used to absorb power generated by test turbines. Unlike a compressor, there is no pressure recovery through the turbobrake. This simplifies the aerodynamic design and enables high-stage loadings to be achieved. The blades used have high-turning two-dimensional profiles. This paper describes a single-stage axial turbobrake, which is driven by the exhaust gas of the test turbine and is isolated from the turbine by a choked throat. In this configuration no fast-acting controls are necessary as the turbobrake operates automatically with the turbine flow. Tests on a 0.17 scale model show that the performance is close to that predicted by a simple two-dimensional theory, and demonstrate that the turbobrake power absorption can be controlled and hence matched to that typically produced by the first stage of a modern highly loaded transonic turbine. A full-size axial turbobrake will be used in a short-duration rotating turbine experiment in an Isentropic Light Piston Tunnel at RAE Pyestock.

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