Cascade testing tries to simulate the actual flow conditions encountered in a turbine. However, it is possible to reproduce neither the free-stream turbulence structure of the turbomachinery, nor the periodic wake effects of upstream blade rows. The usual understanding is that the latter in particular results in a significantly different behavior of the boundary layer in the engine. Experimental results from cascades and turbine rigs are presented. Grid-generated free-stream turbulence structure is compared to that in the turbine. Measurements of the profile pressure distribution, flush-mounted hot films, and flow visualization were used for the interpretation of the test results. Some observations of the boundary layer development in the cascade, on the guide vanes, and on rotor blades with typically skewed boundary layers are shown indicating essentially similar behavior in all cases.

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