Abstract

This is an inceptive attempt to replace the classical Bingham fluid model with a continuous double Newtonian power-law-based constitutive equation for smart lubricants like magneto-rheological, electro-rheological, and ferro-fluids. The implementation of Bingham model in hydrodynamic (HD) and elastohydrodynamic (EHD) lubrication analyses is highly challenging and inconvenient due to its inherent discontinuity. Therefore, the present work demonstrates the use of an already existing rheological model with an appropriate set of parameters to describe the flow behavior of smart lubricants in a soft-EHD lubrication algorithm based on the generalized Newtonian approach. The formation of both floating and adherent cores validates the proposed model. An extensive parametric study is also performed to explore the effects of operating speed, load, and slide-to-roll ratio on the soft-EHL characteristics. The results are very promising, showing that it's possible to customize smart lubricants to match specific operating conditions. This is achieved by adjusting the yield stress value accordingly, allowing for the desired variation in lubrication characteristics.

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