Hydrostatic worm-rack-drive has obvious advantages on large-sized machine tools, and its performance is significantly affected by pitch errors. This paper theoretically researches the axial static and dynamic characteristics of hydrostatic worm-rack-drive, including the effects of the amplitude, period and phase of pitch errors. Based on the expanded view of the helicoid of threads, a numerical calculation method is implemented where the Reynolds' equation and flow continuity equation are solved simultaneously. The influence rule of pitch errors on pocket pressure, flow, axial fluid-film force, axial stiffness coefficient, and axial damping coefficient are discussed in detail, for providing beneficial guidance for the design and performance optimization of hydrostatic worm-rack-drive.

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