Tests were conducted at 350 K (170° F) with three groups of 8.9 cm (3.5 in.) pitch diameter spur gears made of vacuum-induction melted (VIM), vacuum-arc remelted (VAR), AISI M-50 steel and one group of vacuum-arc remelted (VAR) AISI 9310 steel. The pitting fatigue life of the standard forged and ausforged gears was approximately five times that of the VAR AISI 9310 gears and ten times that of the bending fatigue life of the standard machined VIM-VAR AISI M-50 gears run under identical conditions. There was a slight decrease in the 10-percent life of the ausforged gears from that for the standard forged gears. However, the difference is not statistically significant. The standard machined gears failed primarily by gear tooth fracture while the forged and ausforged VIM-VAR AISI M-50 and the VAR AISI 9310 gears failed primarily by surface pitting fatigue. The ausforged gears had a slightly greater tendency to fail by tooth fracture than the standard forged gears.
A Life Study of Ausforged, Standard Forged, and Standard Machined AISI M-50 Spur Gears
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Townsend, D. P., Bamberger, E. N., and Zaretsky, E. V. (July 1, 1976). "A Life Study of Ausforged, Standard Forged, and Standard Machined AISI M-50 Spur Gears." ASME. J. of Lubrication Tech. July 1976; 98(3): 418–425. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3452874
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