Squeeze film dampers (SFDs) aid to both reduce rotor dynamic displacements and to increase system stability. Dampers sealed with piston rings (PR), common in aircraft engines, are proven to boost damping generation, reduce lubricant flow demand, and prevent air ingestion. This paper presents the estimation of force coefficients in a short length SFD, PR sealed, and supplied with a light lubricant at two feed pressures, Pin-1 ∼ 0.69 barg and Pin-2 ∼ 2.76 barg, i.e., low and high. Two pairs of PRs are installed in the test SFD, one set has flow conductance CS1 = 0.56 LPM/bar, whereas the other pair has CS2 = 0.89 LPM/bar. The second set leaks more as it has a larger slit gap. Dynamic load tests show that both dampers, having seal flow conductances differing by 60%, produce damping and added mass coefficients of similar magnitude, differing by at most 20%. Other experiments quantify the effect of lubricant supply pressure, Pin-1 and Pin-2, on the dynamic film pressure and force coefficients of the PR-SFD. The damper configuration with CS1 and operating with the high Pin-2 shows ∼20% more damping and added mass coefficients compared with test results for the damper supplied with Pin-1. Film pressure measurements show that the air ingestion and oil vapor cavitation coexist for operation at the low Pin-1. Computational predictions accounting for the feed holes in the physical model agree with the experimental coefficients. On the other hand, predictions from classical formulas for an idealized damper geometry, fully sealed at its ends, largely overpredict the measured force coefficients.
Effect of Oil Supply Pressure on the Force Coefficients of a Squeeze Film Damper Sealed With Piston Rings
Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received September 29, 2018; final manuscript received March 17, 2019; published online April 16, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Noel Brunetiere.
Present address: Senior Compressor Design Engineer, Compressor Tech. & Development Ingersoll Rand, La Crosse, WI 54601.
Present address: Mechanical Maintenance Engineer, Formosa Plastics Corp., Point Comfort, TX 77978.
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Jeung, S., San Andrés, L., Den, S., and Koo, B. (April 16, 2019). "Effect of Oil Supply Pressure on the Force Coefficients of a Squeeze Film Damper Sealed With Piston Rings." ASME. J. Tribol. June 2019; 141(6): 061701. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043238
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