In order to adapt to increasingly stringent CO2 regulations, the automotive industry must develop and evaluate low cost, low emission solutions in the powertrain technology. This often implies increased power density and the use of low viscosity oils, leading to additional challenges related to the durability of various machine elements. Therefore, an increased understanding of lubricated contacts becomes important where oil viscosity–pressure and compressibility–pressure behavior have been shown to influence the film thickness and pressure distribution in elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) contacts, further influencing the durability. In this work, a finite line EHL contact is analyzed with focus on the oil compressibility–pressure and viscosity–pressure response, comparing two oils with relatively different behavior and its influence on subsurface stress concentrations in the contacting bodies. Results indicate that increased pressure gradients and pressure spikes, and therefore increased localized stress concentrations, can be expected for stiffer, less compressible oils, which under transient loading conditions not only affect the outlet but also the edges of the roller.

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