Hydrophobic and self-cleaning photocatalytic ceramics and concrete with potential for the superhydrophobicity are promising novel materials for civil engineering applications including buildings, bridges, road pavements, and airport runways. Due to embedded liquid-repellent properties, such materials have low water and salt absorption and, therefore, enhanced durability. However, in applications requiring high traction (e.g., tire and pavement), there is a concern that reduced adhesion may compromise the friction. This paper reports on wetting, dry friction, and roughness properties of TiO2 coated (hydrophilic) and polymethyl hydrogen siloxane (PMHS) coated (hydrophobic) self-cleaning ceramic tiles. The coefficient of friction values of the tile–rubber interface do not change significantly with the applications of the coatings up to 0.67 for hydrophilic TiO2 based and up to 0.46 for hydrophobic TiO2 + PMHS coatings versus 0.45 for uncoated reference. Friction has adhesion and roughness-related components and this response can be attributed to the roughness component of friction due to TiO2 coating. The challenges related to hydrophobic coatings, including the durability and future research, are also discussed.
Tribological and Wetting Properties of TiO2 Based Hydrophobic Coatings for Ceramics
Contributed by the Tribology Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Tribology. Manuscript received February 5, 2019; final manuscript received June 25, 2019; published online July 17, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Yi Zhu.
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Lanka, S., Alexandrova, E., Kozhukhova, M., Hasan, M. S., Nosonovsky, M., and Sobolev, K. (July 17, 2019). "Tribological and Wetting Properties of TiO2 Based Hydrophobic Coatings for Ceramics." ASME. J. Tribol. October 2019; 141(10): 101301. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4044178
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