Contact performance can be enhanced by using textured surfaces. These are also found to have influences on lubricated contacts. A procedure to find the optimal partially textured thrust bearing configuration is presented in this study. A parallel sector-pad thrust bearing is simulated by a three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. The stationary surface of the bearing is textured with dimples, while the rotor surface is flat. The results of the baseline model are validated by experimental data. In this study, we compare rectangular and elliptical dimples by investigating design parameters, such as major the length of the major axis (width), the length of the minor axis (length), dimple depth, circumferential space between two dimples, radial space between two dimples, radial extent, circumferential extent are selected as design parameters. A parametric study is conducted to investigate the influence of the texture geometries and a surrogate model is created. Based on the surrogate model, a multi-objective optimization scheme is used to navigate the design space and find the optimal texture structure that provides a lower maximal temperature inside the fluid film, higher load capacity, and lower friction torque. The results show that the optimal radial extent of the texture is around 80% of the pad radial length for both cases. The optimal length of the elliptical dimples in the circumferential direction is about 30% larger than the value of the rectangular dimples. In the final optimal design, the maximal temperature reduces 1.1% and 1.3% for rectangular and elliptical dimples while the load capacities are maintained at the same level.

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