The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of water on the contact and friction properties of a friction lining. The results show that the water absorption capacity and the sensitivity to the water molecules of the friction lining determine the load-carrying capacity. The change of the actual contact area is related to the load-carrying capacity under dripping water condition. The presence of water played a role in lubricating the surface, which resulted in a reduction of the friction coefficient. In addition, water absorbed onto the surface of the lining to produce an absorbent layer, and the load-carrying capacity of the absorbent layer exerted a more intuitive effect on the friction coefficient.

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