The stability of oil-free high-speed turbo-machinery can be effectively improved by increasing the damping characteristic of the gas foil bearing (GFB). Novel hybrid bump-metal mesh foil bearings (HB-MFBs) have been previously developed. Prior experimental results show that the parallel combination of bump structure and metal mesh not only can improve the structure stiffness but also provide better damping property compared with the bump-type foil structure. To investigate the dynamic behavior of floating HB-MFBs and promote its application, this study measured the dynamic force coefficients of HB-MFBs on a rotating test rig. The vibrations of HB-MFBs with different mesh densities (40%, 32.5%, and 25%) and a generation І bump-type foil bearing (BFB) with similar size are measured under static and impact loads to estimate the bearing characteristics. Static load test results show that the linear stiffness decreases when the air film is generated (from 0 rpm to 20 krpm) but increases gradually with speed (from 20 krpm to 30 krpm, and 40 krpm). Moreover, the dynamic force coefficients of HB-MFBs indicate the significant influence of metal mesh density on bearing dynamic characteristics. The growth in block density increases the dynamic stiffness and damping coefficients of bearing. The comparison of HB-MFB (32.5% and 40%) and BFB emphasizes the good damping characteristics of HB-MFB.

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