Wear-resistant aluminum alloys have enormous potential applications. In this paper, the Al–20Si–5Fe–2Ni alloy was fabricated by hot-pressed sintering, and its dry sliding wear behavior was investigated from 25 °C to 500 °C sliding against Al2O3 ceramic and AISI 52100 steel. The microstructure, phase, high temperature hardness, and worn surface of the sintered alloy were examined. The results indicate that the uniform distribution of Si particles and Al5FeSi intermetallic in the Al matrix contribute to its superior tribological properties. Additionally, the correlation of the tribological behavior of the alloy with the sliding testing conditions was studied, and its wear mechanism was discussed.

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