The paper presents the results of an X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) study of chemical and phase composition of the friction surfaces Fe–Mn–C–B–Si–Ni–Cr hardfacing coatings. The alloy was used as a core mixture to produce flux-cored wire of 2.4 mm in diameter. The coating was deposited by gas metal arc welding using CO2 as a shielding gas. The tribological examination was conducted in a ball on disk system with a load of 20 N under dry friction conditions. A XPS were used to examine the structures on the friction surface and depend on depth 5, 10, 15, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 6000 nm. The segregation of C, B, and Si atoms was observed in the process of the friction. The presence of compounds such as oxides (B2O3, SiO2, Cr2O3), carbides (Fe3C, Cr7C3), and borides (FeB, Fe2B) was detected on the surface and in the subsurface layer of the Fe–Mn–C–B–Si–Ni–Cr coating. The formation of these structures increases the wear resistance of composite coatings.

References

References
1.
Yüksel
,
N.
, and
Sahin
,
S.
,
2014
, “
Wear Behavior–Hardness–Microstructure Relation of Fe–Cr–C and Fe–Cr–C–B Based Hardfacing Alloys
,”
Mater. Des.
,
58
, pp.
491
498
.
2.
Jozwik
,
J.
,
Dziedzic
,
K.
,
Usydus
,
I.
,
Raos
,
P.
, and
Krolczyk
,
G. M.
,
2016
, “
HS 6-5-2 Steel Surface Layer Development in Carbonitoring With Zeroflow Method
,”
Teh. Vjesn.-Tech. Gaz.
,
5
(
23
), pp.
1405
1409
.
3.
Gualco
,
A.
,
Svoboda
,
H.
, and
Surian
,
E.
,
2016
, “
Study of Abrasive Wear Resistance of Fe-Based Nanostructured Hardfacing
,”
Wear
,
360–361
, pp.
14
20
.
4.
Lin
,
C.
,
Chang
,
C.
,
Chen
,
J.
,
Hsieh
,
C.
, and
Wu
,
W.
,
2010
, “
Microstructure and Wear Characteristics of High-Carbon Cr-Based Alloy Claddings Formed by Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
205
(
7
), pp.
2590
2596
.
5.
Wang
,
X.
,
Zou
,
Z.
, and
Qu
,
S.
,
2006
, “
Microstructure of Fe-Based Alloy Hardfacing Coating Reinforced by TiC–VC Particles
,”
J. Iron Steel Res.
,
13
(
4
), pp.
51
55
.
6.
Correa
,
E. O.
,
Alcântara
,
N. G.
,
Valeriano
,
L. C.
,
Barbedo
,
N. D.
, and
Chaves
,
R. R.
,
2015
, “
The Effect of Microstructure on Abrasive Wear of a Fe–Cr–C–Nb Hardfacing Alloy Deposited by the Open Arc Welding Process
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
276
, pp.
479
484
.
7.
Pashechko
,
M.
,
Dziedzic
,
K.
, and
Barszcz
,
M.
,
2013
, “
Study of the Structure and Properties of Wear-Resistant Eutectic Fe–Mn–C–B–Si–Ni–Cr Coatings
,”
Powder Metall. Met. Ceram.
,
52
(7–8), pp.
469
476
.
8.
Liu
,
H.
,
Song
,
Z.
,
Cao
,
Q.
,
Chen
,
S.
, and
Meng
,
Q.
,
2016
, “
Microstructure and Properties of Fe–Cr–C Hardfacing Alloys Reinforced With TiC–NbC
,”
J. Iron Steel Res. Int.
,
23
(
3
), pp.
276
280
.
9.
Pashechko
,
M.
,
Dziedzic
,
K.
, and
Barszcz
,
M.
,
2016
, “
Study of Coatings Obtained From Alloy Fe–Mn–C–B–Si–Ni–Cr
,”
Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J.
,
10
(
31
), pp.
194
198
.
10.
Badisch
,
E.
,
Katsich
,
C.
,
Winkelmann
,
H.
,
Franek
,
F.
, and
Manish
,
R.
,
2010
, “
Wear Behavior of Hardfaced Fe–Cr–C Alloy and Austenitic Steel Under 2-Body and 3-Body Conditions at Elevated Temperature
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
43
(
7
), pp.
1234
1244
.
11.
Grandin
,
M.
, and
Wiklund
,
U.
,
2013
, “
Friction, Wear and Tribofilm Formation on Electrical Contact Materials in Reciprocating Sliding Against Silver-Graphite
,”
Wear
,
302
(1–2), pp.
1481
1491
.
12.
Kato
,
H.
, and
Komai
,
K.
,
2007
, “
Tribofilm Formation and Mild Wear by Tribo-Sintering of Nanometer-Sized Oxide Particles on Rubbing Steel Surfaces
,”
Wear
,
262
(1–2), pp.
36
41
.
13.
Fox-Rabinovich
,
G. S.
, and
Totten
,
G. E.
,
2006
,
Self-Organization During Friction: Advance Surface Engineered Materials and Systems Design
,
CRC Press
,
Boca Raton, FL
.
14.
Pashechko
,
M.
, and
Lenik
,
K.
,
2006
, “
Segregation of Atoms of the Eutectic Alloys Fe–Mn–C–B at Friction Wear
,”
J. Achiev. Mater. Manuf. Eng.
,
18
(1–2), pp.
467
470
.
15.
Pashechko
,
M.
, and
Lenik
,
K.
,
2009
, “
Segregation of Atoms of the Eutectic Alloys Fe–Mn–C–B–Si–Ni–Cr at Friction Wear
,”
Wear
,
267
(5–8), pp.
1301
1304
.
16.
Bakley
,
D.
,
1986
,
Surface Phenomena on Adhesion and Friction Interactions
,
Mashinostroyeniye
,
Moscow, Russia
.
17.
Rybakova
,
L. M.
, and
Kuksionova
,
L. I.
,
1982
,
Structure and Wear Resistance of Metals
,
Mashinostroyeniye
,
Moscow, Russia
.
18.
Chatterjee
,
S.
, and
Pal
,
T. K.
,
2006
, “
Weld Procedural Effect on the Performance of Iron Based Hardfacing Deposits on Cast Iron Substrate
,”
J. Mater. Process. Technol.
,
173
(
1
), pp.
61
69
.
19.
Beamson
,
G.
, and
Briggs
,
D.
,
1992
,
High Resolution XPS of Organic Polymers—The Scienta ESCA 300 Database
,
Wiley
,
Chichester, UK
.
You do not currently have access to this content.