Fretting wear studies were conducted on AZ91 and AE42 magnesium alloys against steel ball. Average coefficient of friction (COF) remains steady with the increase in running time. However, average coefficient of friction decreases with the increase in normal load and frequency and marginally increases with the increase in amplitude. A constant average coefficient of friction of 0.06 was observed for both AZ91 and AE42 under dry sliding conditions at normal load of 50 N. Wear volume increases linearly with increasing running time. Wear volume first decreases sharply, attains minima, and then increases marginally with the increase in normal load. However, wear volume increases with increasing amplitude and frequency. Higher specific wear rate of 10.5 × 10−6 mm3 N−1·m−1 was observed for AE42, as compared to 4.5 × 10−6 mm3 N−1·m−1 for AZ91. The wear in magnesium alloy was caused by a combination of adhesion, abrasion, oxidation, delamination, and plastic deformation under different fretting conditions.

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