In this technical brief, a Cr3Si nanocrystalline film was deposited on 304 stainless steel (SS) substrate using a double glow discharge plasma technique. The film was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy, nanohardness tester, and scratch tester. The as-deposited film with a thickness of 5 μm consisted of A15 structured Cr3Si phase with an average grain size of 8 nm. The hardness values of the film were determined to be 26 GPa, which was ten times greater than 304 SS. A self-designed ultrasonic vibration cavitation erosion apparatus was employed to evaluate the cavitation erosion resistance of the Cr3Si film. The results showed that after cavitation tests of 30 hrs, the erosion mass loss of the film was only 60% of that for 304 SS substrate. SEM observation of the erosion surfaces indicated that the surface damage degree of the Cr3Si film is significantly less than that of 304 SS.

References

References
1.
Yoshimoto
,
S.
,
Oshima
,
S.
,
Danbara
,
S.
, and
Shitara
,
T.
,
2002
, “
Stability of Water-Lubricated, Hydrostatic, Conical Bearings With Spiral Grooves for High-Speed Spindles
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
124
(
2
), pp.
398
405
.
2.
Yoshimoto
,
S.
,
Anno
,
Y.
,
Tamura
,
M.
,
Kakiuchi
,
Y.
, and
Kimura
,
K.
,
1996
, “
Axial Load Capacity of Water-Lubricated Hydrostatic Conical Bearings With Spiral Grooves (on the Case of Rigid Surface Bearings)
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
118
(
4
), pp.
893
899
.
3.
Abouel-Kasem
,
A.
,
El-Deen
,
A. E.
,
Emara
,
K. M.
, and
Ahmed
,
S. M.
,
2009
, “
Investigation Into Cavitation Erosion Pits
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
131
(
3
), p.
031605
.
4.
Abouel-Kasem
,
A.
, and
Ahmed
,
S. M.
,
2008
, “
Cavitation Erosion Mechanism Based on Analysis of Erosion Particles
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
130
(
3
), p.
031601
.
5.
Abouel-Kasem
,
A.
, and
Ahmed
,
S. M.
,
2012
, “
Bubble Structures Between Two Walls in Ultrasonic Cavitation Erosion
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
134
(
2
), p.
021702
.
6.
Karrab
,
S. A.
,
Doheim
,
M. A.
,
Aboraia
,
M. S.
, and
Ahmed
,
S. M.
,
2012
, “
Study of Cavitation Erosion Pits on 1045 Carbon Steel Surface in Corrosive Waters
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
134
(
1
), p.
011602
.
7.
Bregliozzi
,
G.
,
Di Schinob
,
A.
,
Ahmeda
,
S. I.-U.
,
Kennyb
,
J. M.
, and
Haefke
,
H.
,
2005
, “
Cavitation Wear Behaviour of Austenitic Stainless Steels With Different Grain Sizes
,”
Wear
,
258
(
1
), pp.
503
510
.
8.
Takakuwa
,
O.
, and
Soyama
,
H.
,
2012
, “
Suppression of Hydrogen-Assisted Fatigue Crack Growth in Austenitic Stainless Steel by Cavitation Peening
,”
Int. J. Hydrogen Energy
,
37
(
6
), pp.
5268
5276
.
9.
Zhang
,
L.
,
Zhang
,
Y. K.
,
Lu
,
J. Z.
,
Dai
,
F. Z.
,
Feng
,
A. X.
,
Luo
,
K. Y.
, and
Qi
,
H. L.
,
2013
, “
Effects of Laser Shock Processing on Electrochemical Corrosion Resistance of ANSI 304 Stainless Steel Weldments After Cavitation Erosion
,”
Corros. Sci.
,
66
, pp.
5
13
.
10.
Haosheng
,
C.
,
Jiang
,
L.
, and
Shihan
,
L.
,
2009
, “
Thermal Effect at the Incipient Stage of Cavitation Erosion on a Stainless Steel in Ultrasonic Vibration Cavitation
,”
ASME J. Fluid Eng.
,
131
(
2
), p.
024501
.
11.
Krella
,
A.
, and
Czyzniewski
,
A.
,
2007
, “
Influence of the Substrate Hardness on the Cavitation Erosion Resistance of TiN Coating
,”
Wear
,
263
(
1
), pp.
395
401
.
12.
Krella
,
A.
, and
Czyzniewski
,
A.
,
2008
, “
Cavitation Erosion Resistance of Nanocrystalline TiN Coating Deposited on Stainless Steel
,”
Wear
,
265
(
7
), pp.
963
970
.
13.
Krella
,
A.
, and
Czyzniewski
,
A.
,
2008
, “
Investigation Concerning the Cavitation Resistance of TiN Coatings Deposited on Austenitic Stainless Steel at Various Temperatures
,”
Wear
,
265
(
1
), pp.
72
80
.
14.
Krella
,
A.
, and
Czyzniewski
,
A.
,
2006
, “
Cavitation Erosion Resistance of Cr–N Coating Deposited on Stainless Steel
,”
Wear
,
260
(
11
), pp.
1324
1332
.
15.
Krella
,
A.
, and
Czyzniewski
,
A.
,
2009
, “
Cavitation Resistance of Cr–N Coatings Deposited on Austenitic Stainless Steel at Various Temperatures
,”
Wear
,
266
(
7
), pp.
800
809
.
16.
Gerke
,
L.
,
Stella
,
J.
,
Schauer
,
J. C.
,
Pohl
,
M.
, and
Winter
,
J.
,
2010
, “
Cavitation Erosion Resistance of a-C:H Coatings Produced by PECVD on Stainless Steel and NiTi Substrates
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
204
(
21
), pp.
3418
3424
.
17.
Garzon
,
C. M.
,
Thomas
,
H.
,
dos Santos
,
J. F.
, and
Tschiptschin
,
A. P.
,
2005
, “
Cavitation Erosion Resistance of a High Temperature Gas Nitrided Duplex Stainless Steel in Substitute Ocean Water
,”
Wear
,
259
(
1
), pp.
145
153
.
18.
Dos Santos
,
J. F.
,
Garzón
,
C. M.
, and
Tschiptschin
,
A. P.
,
2004
, “
Improvement of the Cavitation Erosion Resistance of an AISI 304L Austenitic Stainless Steel by High Temperature Gas Nitriding
,”
Mater. Sci. Eng. A-Struct.
,
382
(
1
), pp.
378
386
.
19.
Allenstein
,
A. N.
,
Lepienski
,
C. M.
,
Buschinelli
,
A. J. A.
, and
Brunatto
,
S. F.
,
2014
, “
Improvement of the Cavitation Erosion Resistance for Low-Temperature Plasma Nitrided Ca-6NM Martensitic Stainless Steel
,”
Wear
,
309
(
1
), pp.
159
165
.
20.
Bei
,
H.
,
George
,
E. P.
,
Kenik
,
E. A.
, and
Pharr
,
G. M.
,
2003
, “
Directional Solidification and Microstructures Of Near-Eutectic Cr–Cr3Si alloys
,”
Acta Mater.
,
51
(
20
), pp.
6241
6252
.
21.
Bei
,
H.
,
George
,
E. P.
, and
Pharr
,
G. M.
,
2004
, “
Elastic Constants of Single Crystal Cr3Si and Cr-Cr3Si Lamellar Eutectic Composites: A Comparison of Ultrasonic and Nanoindentation Measurements
,”
Scr. Mater.
,
51
(
9
), pp.
875
879
.
22.
Yuan
,
L.
, and
Wang
,
H. M.
,
2008
, “
Corrosion Properties of a Cr13Ni5Si2-Based Metal Silicide Alloy
,”
Intermetallics
,
16
(
9
), pp.
1149
1155
.
23.
Xu
,
J.
,
Sun
,
J.
, and
Jiang
,
S.
,
2009
, “
Mechanical Properties of Sputter-Deposited Nanocrystalline Cr3Si Film
,”
Mater. Lett.
,
63
(
12
), pp.
1082
1084
.
24.
Oliver
,
W. C.
, and
Pharr
,
G. M.
,
1992
, “
An Improved Technique for Determining Hardness and Elastic Modulus Using Load and Displacement Sensing Indentation Experiments
,”
J. Mater. Res.
,
7
(06), pp.
1564
1583
.
25.
Franc
,
J.
, and
Michel
,
J.
,
2006
,
Fundamentals of Cavitation
,
Kluwer Academic
,
Dordrecht, The Netherlands
.
26.
Cheng
,
F.
, and
Jiang
,
S.
,
2014
, “
Cavitation Erosion Resistance of Diamond-Like Carbon Coating on Stainless Steel
,”
Appl. Surf. Sci.
,
292
, pp.
16
26
.
27.
Al-Hashem
,
A.
,
Caceres
,
P. G.
,
Abdullah
,
A.
, and
Shalaby
,
H. M.
, “
Cavitation Corrosion of Duplex Stainless Steel in Seawater
,”
Corrosion
,
53
(
2
), pp.
103
113
.
28.
Wang
,
H. M.
, and
Duan
,
G.
,
2003
, “
Wear and Corrosion Behavior of Laser Clad Cr3Si Reinforced Intermetallic Composite Coatings
,”
Intermetallics
,
11
(
8
), pp.
755
762
.
You do not currently have access to this content.