This work presents a finite element (FE) study of a perfectly elastic axisymmetric sinusoidal-shaped asperity in contact with a rigid flat for different amplitude to wavelength ratios and a wide range of material properties. This includes characterizing the pressure required to cause complete contact between the surfaces. Complete contact is defined as when there is no gap remaining between two contacting surfaces. The model is designed in such a way that its axisymmetric and interaction with the adjacent asperities are considered by the effect of geometry at the base of the asperity. The numerical results are compared to the model of curved point contact for the perfectly elastic case (known as Hertz contact) and Westergaard's solution. Once properly normalized, the nondimensional contact area does not vary with nondimensional load. The critical pressure required to cause complete contact is found. The results are also curve fitted to provide an expression for the contact area as a function of load over a wide range of cases for use in practical applications, such as to predict contact resistance. This could be a stepping stone to more complex models.

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