The erosion–corrosion (E–C) wear behaviors of electroless nickel phosphorus (Ni-P) coating, carburizing and untreated low alloy steel AISI 5117 in water–sand slurry and saline–sand slurry were investigated using whirling-arm tester. The E–C wear mass loss was measured to evaluate the effect of mediums and surface modifications. The microstructure of carburizing and Ni-P coating was analyzed using an optical and scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. Results showed that Ni-P coating and carburizing are effective in increasing wear resistance of low alloy steel. However, the Ni-P coating is more effective in increasing the E–C resistance. Also, the results showed that Ni-P coating, carburizing and untreated carbon steel behaved as ductile materials under erosion and E–C tests, and the maximum mass loss occurred at an impact angle of 45 deg. The synergism ratio was the lowest for the Ni-P coating, indicating that Ni-P coating improved an anti-E–C wear resistance.

References

References
1.
Hamzah
,
R.
,
Stephenson
,
D. J.
, and
Strutt
,
J. E.
,
1995
, “
Erosion of Material Used in Petroleum Production
,”
Wear
,
186–187
(
Pt. 2
), pp.
493
496
.10.1016/0043-1648(95)07127-X
2.
Stack
,
M. M.
, and
Abdulrahman
,
G.
,
2010
, “
Mapping Erosion–Corrosion of Carbon Steel in Oil Exploration Conditions: Some New Approaches to Characterizing Mechanisms and Synergies
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
43
(
7
), pp.
1268
1277
.10.1016/j.triboint.2010.01.005
3.
Li
,
Y.
,
Burstein
,
G. T.
, and
Hutchings
,
I. M.
,
1995
, “
Influence of Environmental Composition and Electrochemical Potential on the Slurry Erosion–Corrosion of Aluminum
,”
Wear
,
181–183
(
Pt. 1
), pp.
70
79
.10.1016/0043-1648(95)90010-1
4.
Hu
,
X.
, and
Neville
,
A.
,
2005
, “
The Electrochemical Response of Stainless Steels in Liquid–Solid Impingement
,”
Wear
,
258
(
1–4
), pp.
641
648
.10.1016/j.wear.2004.09.043
5.
Li
,
Y.
,
Burstein
,
G. T.
, and
Hutchings
,
I. M.
,
1995
, “
The Influence of Corrosion on the Erosion of Aluminum by Aqueous Silica Slurries
,”
Wear
,
186–187
(
Pt. 2
), pp.
515
522
.10.1016/0043-1648(95)07181-4
6.
Malka
,
R.
,
Nesic
,
S.
, and
Gulino
,
D. A.
,
2007
, “
Erosion–Corrosion and Synergistic Effects in Disturbed Liquid-Particle Flow
,”
Wear
,
262
(
7–8
), pp.
791
799
.10.1016/j.wear.2006.08.029
7.
Tian
,
H. H.
,
Addie
,
G. R.
, and
Visintainer
,
R. J.
,
2009
, “
Erosion–Corrosion Performance of High-Cr Cast Iron Alloys in Flowing Liquid–Solid Slurries
,”
Wear
,
267
(
11
), pp.
2039
2047
.10.1016/j.wear.2009.08.007
8.
Tian
,
B. R.
, and
Cheng
,
Y. F.
,
2008
, “
Electrochemical Corrosion Behavior of X-65 Steel in the Simulated Oil Sand Slurry. I: Effects of Hydrodynamic Condition
,”
Corros. Sci.
,
50
(
3
), pp.
773
779
.10.1016/j.corsci.2007.11.008
9.
Guo
,
H. X.
,
Lu
,
B. T.
, and
Luo
,
J. L.
,
2005
, “
Interaction of Mechanical and Electrochemical Factors in Erosion–Corrosion of Carbon Steel
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
51
(
2
), pp.
315
323
.10.1016/j.electacta.2005.04.032
10.
Jiang
,
X.
,
Zheng
,
Y. G.
, and
Ke
,
W.
,
2005
, “
Effect of Flow Velocity and Entrained Sand on Inhibition Performances of Two Inhibitors for CO2 Corrosion of N80 Steel in 3% NaCl Solution
,”
Corros. Sci.
,
47
(
11
), pp.
2636
2641
.10.1016/j.corsci.2004.11.012
11.
Yang
,
Y.
, and
Cheng
,
Y. F.
,
2013
, “
Parametric Effects on the Erosion–Corrosion Rate and Mechanism of Carbon Steel Pipes in Oil Sands Slurry
,”
Wear
,
276–277
, pp.
141
148
.10.1016/j.wear.2011.12.010
12.
Stack
,
M. M.
, and
Abd El Badia
,
T. M.
,
2006
, “
Mapping Erosion–Corrosion of WC/Co–Cr Based Composite Coatings: Particle Velocity and Applied Potential Effects
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
201
(
3–4
), pp.
1335
1347
.10.1016/j.surfcoat.2006.01.069
13.
Jiang
,
B.
,
Jiang
,
S. L.
,
Ma
,
A. L.
, and
Zheng
,
Y. G.
,
2014
, “
Erosion–Corrosion Behavior of Electroless Ni-P Coating on Copper–Nickel Alloy in 3.5 wt.% Sodium Chloride Solution
,”
J. Mater. Eng. Perform.
,
23
(
1
), pp.
230
237
.10.1007/s11665-013-0763-0
14.
Höppela
,
H. W.
,
Mughrabia
,
H.
,
Sockela
,
H. G.
,
Schmidtb
,
S.
, and
Vetterb
,
G.
,
1999
, “
Hydroabrasive Wear Behavior and Damage Mechanisms of Different Hard Coatings
,”
Wear
,
225–229
(
Pt. 2
), pp.
1088
1099
.10.1016/S0043-1648(98)00416-5
15.
Toma
,
D.
,
Brandl
,
W.
, and
Marginean
,
G.
,
2001
, “
Wear and Corrosion Behavior of Thermally Sprayed Cermet Coatings
,”
Wear
,
138
(
2–3
), pp.
149
158
.
16.
Saleh
,
B.
, and
Ahmed
,
S. M.
,
2013
, “
Slurry Erosion–Corrosion of Carburized AISI 5117 Steel
,”
Tribol. Lett.
,
51
(
1
), pp.
135
142
.10.1007/s11249-013-0155-5
17.
Lin
,
C. J.
,
Chen
,
K. C.
, and
He
,
J. L.
,
2006
, “
The Cavitation Erosion Behavior of Electroless Ni–P–SiC Composite Coating
,”
Wear
,
261
(
11–12
), pp.
1390
1396
.10.1016/j.wear.2006.03.054
18.
Huang
,
Y. S.
,
Zeng
,
X. T.
,
Hu
,
F. X.
, and
Liu
,
F. M.
,
2004
, “
Corrosion Resistance Properties of Electroless Nickel Composite Coatings
,”
Electrochim. Acta
,
49
(
25
), pp.
4313
4319
.10.1016/j.electacta.2004.04.023
19.
Lo
,
P. H.
,
Tsai
,
W. T.
,
Lee
,
J. T.
, and
Hung
,
M. P.
,
1994
, “
Role of Phosphorus in the Electrochemical Behavior of Electroless Ni-P Alloys in 3.5 wt.% NaCl Solutions
,”
Surf. Coat. Technol.
,
67
(
1–2
), pp.
27
34
.10.1016/S0257-8972(05)80023-4
20.
Karrab
,
S. A.
,
Doheim
,
M. A.
,
Aboraia
,
M. S.
, and
Ahmed
,
S. M.
,
2013
, “
Effect of Heat Treatment and Bath Composition of Electroless Nickel-Plating on Cavitation Erosion Resistance
,”
J. Eng. Sci., Assiut Univ., Fac. Eng.
,
41
(
5
), pp.
1989
2011
.
21.
Rabizadeh
,
T.
,
Allahkaram
,
S. R.
, and
Zarebidaki
,
A.
,
2010
, “
An Investigation on Effects of Heat Treatment on Corrosion Properties of Ni-P Electroless Nano-Coatings
,”
Mater. Des.
,
31
(
7
), pp.
3174
3179
.10.1016/j.matdes.2010.02.027
22.
Saleh
,
B.
,
2013
, “
Slurry Erosion–Corrosion Resistance of Electroless Ni-P Plating on AISI 5117 Steel
,”
J. Eng. Sci., Assiut Univ., Fac. Eng.
,
41
(
4
), pp.
1467
1479
.
23.
Böhler Edelstahl
,
2000
,
Special Steel Manual
,
Böhler Edelstahl GmbH & Co KG
,
Kapfenberg, Germany
, pp.
90
98
.
24.
Jiang
,
J.
,
Stack
,
M. M.
, and
Neville
,
A.
,
2002
, “
Modeling the Tribo-Corrosion Interaction in Aqueous Sliding Conditions
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
35
(
10
), pp.
669
679
.10.1016/S0301-679X(02)00058-0
25.
Abouel-Kasem
,
A.
,
Abd-Elrhman
,
Y. M.
,
Ahmed
,
S. M.
, and
Emara
,
K. M.
,
2010
, “
Design and Performance of Slurry Erosion Tester
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
132
(
2
), p.
021601
.10.1115/1.4001449
26.
Al-Bukhaiti
,
M. A.
,
Ahmed
,
S. M.
,
Badran
,
F. M. F.
, and
Emara
,
K. M.
,
2007
, “
Effect of Impingement Angle on Slurry Erosion Behavior and Mechanisms of 1017 Steel and High-Chromium White Cast Iron
,”
Wear
,
262
(
9–10
), pp.
1187
1198
.10.1016/j.wear.2006.11.018
27.
Abouel-Kasem
,
A.
,
2011
, “
Particle Size Effects on Slurry Erosion of 5117 Steels
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
,
133
(
1
), p.
014502
.10.1115/1.4002605
28.
Sudagar
,
J.
,
Dewen
,
R.
,
Lian
,
J. S.
,
Zheng
,
B. J.
, and
Venkateswarlu
,
K.
,
2013
, “
Enhanced Surface Properties by Electroless Nickel Deposition on a Laser Surface Treated Magnesium Alloy
,”
Lasers Eng.
,
26
(
5–6
), pp.
321
334
.
29.
Patel
,
S. K.
, and
Kumar
,
M.
,
2010
, “
Erosive Wear Characteristics of Carburized Mild Steel in Solid–Water Slurry
,”
Proceeding of 4th International Conference of Advances in Mechanical Engineering
, S.V. National Institute of Technology, Surat,
Gujarat, India
, Sept. 23–25, pp.
1
5
.
30.
Allahkaram
,
S. R.
,
Honarvar Nazari
,
M.
,
Mamaghani
,
S.
, and
Zarebidaki
,
A.
,
2011
, “
Characterization and Corrosion Behavior of Electroless Ni-P/Nano-SiC Coating Inside the CO2 Containing Media in the Presence of Acetic Acid
,”
Mater. Des.
,
32
(
2
), pp.
750
755
.10.1016/j.matdes.2010.07.030
31.
Gil
,
L.
,
Jiménez
,
L.
,
Castro
,
A. C.
,
Puchi-Cabrera
,
E. S.
, and
Staia
,
M. H.
,
2008
, “
Evaluation of the Effect of Ni-P Coating on the Corrosion Resistance of the Aluminium 7075 T6 Alloy
,”
Rev. Metal.
,
44
(
1
), pp.
66
73
.
32.
Diegle
,
R. B.
,
Sorensen
,
N. R.
,
Clayton
,
C. R.
,
Helfand
,
M. A.
, and
Yu
,
Y. C.
,
1988
, “
An XPS Investigation Into the Passivity of an Amorphous Ni-20P Alloy
,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
135
(
5
), pp.
1085
1092
.10.1149/1.2095880
33.
Carbajal
,
J.
, and
White
,
E.
,
1988
, “
Electrochemical Production and Corrosion Testing of Amorphous Ni-P
,”
J. Electrochem. Soc.
,
135
(
12
), pp.
2952
2957
.10.1149/1.2095468
You do not currently have access to this content.