This study describes the development of a multicomponent composite system consisting of thermoplastic epoxy resin reinforced with E-glass fiber and silicon dioxide (SiO2) particles and investigates its erosion behavior under different operating conditions. Due to the increasing importance of composites in engineering applications and the need to tackle solid particle erosion in various industrial sectors, the study aims at finding how these composites behave in such type of wear. The composite specimens used for the tests were classified into three types; pure glass fiber (GF)–epoxy, those with addition of SiO2 particles at an amount of 15% and the last group had SiO2 particles added at 30% of the resin used for the materials. The experiments were carried out by selecting three different impact velocities, three different impingement angles, and angular alumina abrasive particles having approximate sizes of 200 μm. The fiber directions used were 0/90/0 and 45/ − 45/45. SEM views belonging to the specimens were taken before and after the tests in order to investigate the differences and the causes of the surface damages. Moreover, it is found that the Taguchi's robust orthogonal array method provides a simple, systematic, and efficient methodology for the optimization of the erosion wear parameters. At the end of the tests, the most significant factor in affecting the erosion rate is found to be the impingement angle, followed by the impact velocity, fiber direction, and filler material.

References

References
1.
Milton
,
G. W.
,
2004
,
The Theory of Composites
,
Cambridge University Press
, Cambridge,
UK
.
2.
Ashby
,
M. F.
, and
Jones
,
D. R. H.
,
1998
,
Engineering Materials 2
,
Butterworth-Heinemann
,
Oxford
.
3.
Bagci
,
M.
, and
Imrek
,
H.
,
2011
, “
Solid Particle Erosion Behavior of Glass Fibre Reinforced Boric Acid Filled Epoxy Resin Composites
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
44
(
12
), pp.
1704
1710
.10.1016/j.triboint.2011.06.033
4.
Srivastava
,
V. K.
,
2006
, “
Effects of Wheat Starch on Erosive Wear of E-Glass Fibre Reinforced Epoxy Resin Composite Materials
,”
Mater. Sci. Eng., A
,
435–436
, pp.
282
287
.10.1016/j.msea.2006.07.144
5.
Hutchings
,
I. M.
,
1992
,
Tribology: Friction and Wear of Engineering Materials
,
Edward Arnold Publishers
,
London, UK
.
6.
Ludema
,
K. C.
,
1996
,
Friction, Wear, Lubrication: A Textbook in Tribology
,
CRC Press
,
Boca Raton, FL
.
7.
Kim
,
A.
, and
Kim
,
I.
,
2009
, “
Solid Particle Erosion of CFRP Composite With Different Laminate Orientations
,”
Wear
,
267
(11)
, pp.
1922
1926
.10.1016/j.wear.2009.03.038
8.
Mahapatra
,
S. S.
, and
Patnaik
,
A.
,
2009
, “
Study on Mechanical and Erosion Wear Behavior of Hybrid Composites Using Taguchi Experimental Design
,”
Mater. Des.
,
30
(
8
), pp.
2791
2801
.10.1016/j.matdes.2009.01.037
9.
Rajesh
,
J. J.
,
Bijwe
,
J.
,
Venkataraman
,
B.
, and
Tewari
,
U. S.
,
2004
, “
Effect of Impinging Velocity on the Erosive Wear Behaviour of Polyamides
,”
Tribol. Int.
,
37
(3)
, pp.
219
226
.10.1016/S0301-679X(03)00075-6
10.
Pool
,
K. V.
,
Dharan
,
C. K. H.
, and
Finnie
,
I.
,
1986
, “
Erosive Wear of Composite Materials
,”
Wear
,
107
(
1
), pp.
1
12
.10.1016/0043-1648(86)90043-8
11.
Biswas
,
S.
, and
Satapathy
,
A.
,
2009
, “
Tribo-Performance Analysis of Red Mud Filled Glass-Epoxy Composites Using Taguchi Experimental Design
,”
Mater. Des.
,
30
(
8
), pp.
2841
2853
.10.1016/j.matdes.2009.01.018
12.
Harsha
,
A. P.
, and
Jha
,
S. K.
,
2008
, “
Erosive Wear Studies of Epoxy-Based Composites at Normal Incidence
,”
Wear
,
265
(7–8)
, pp.
1129
1135
.10.1016/j.wear.2008.03.003
13.
Ruff
,
A. W.
, and
Ives
,
L. K.
,
1975
, “
Measurement of Solid Particle Velocity in Erosive Wear
,”
Wear
,
35
(1)
, pp.
195
199
.10.1016/0043-1648(75)90154-4
14.
Taguchi
,
G.
, and
Konishi
,
S.
,
1987
,
Taguchi Methods, Orthogonal Arrays and Linear Graphs, Tools for Quality Engineering
,
American Supplier Institute
, Dearborn, MI, pp.
35
38
.
15.
Finnie
,
I.
,
1972
, “
Some Observations on the Erosion of Ductile Metals
,”
Wear
,
19
(1)
, pp.
81
90
.10.1016/0043-1648(72)90444-9
16.
Tewari
,
U. S.
,
Harsha
,
A. P.
,
Hager
,
A. M.
, and
Friedrich
,
K.
,
2003
, “
Solid Particle Erosion of Carbon Fibre–And Glass Fibre–Epoxy Composites
,”
Compos. Sci. Technol.
,
63
(3–4)
, pp.
549
557
.10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00210-5
You do not currently have access to this content.