A numerical analysis is conducted to investigate the elastohydrodynamic effect of deterministic microasperities on the shaft of a lip seal. Various geometries of microasperities (triangular, square, hexagonal, and circular) are put into a 100×100μm2 unit cell and are investigated using Reynolds equation. For each shape, the area fraction of the microasperity is varied between 0.2 and 0.8, and the asperity height is varied between 0.3μm and 5μm. The calculation for load capacity and friction coefficient indicates that there are values for asperity height, where the load capacity and friction coefficient are optimized. These optimum heights were reached at 13μm. Although the lip seal surface is considered to be smooth, reverse pumping can still be obtained using an oriented triangular design. The Couette flow rate for this asperity showed lubricant is reverted back toward the seal side 2.6 times more than using a conventional lip seal. The addition of microasperities to the shaft surface shows significant improvement in lubrication characteristics for the lip seal in the form of a simultaneous reduction in friction coefficient and increase in the reverse pumping rate.

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