More often than not, the rolling element bearings in rotating machinery are the mechanical components that are first prone to premature failure. Early warning of an impending bearing failure is vital to the safety and reliability of high-speed turbomachinery. Presently, vibration monitoring is one of the most applied procedures in on-line damage and failure monitoring of rolling element bearings. This paper presents results from an experimental rotor-bearing test rig with quantified damage induced in the supporting rolling element bearings. Both good and damaged radial and tapered ball bearings are used in this study. The vibration signatures due to damage at the ball elements and the inner race of the bearing are also examined. Vibration signature analyzing schemes such as frequency domain analysis, and chaotic vibration analysis (modified Poincare diagrams) are applied and their effectiveness in pinpoint damage are compared in this study. The size/level of the damage is corroborated with the vibration amplitudes to provide quantification criteria for bearing progressive failure prediction. Based on the results from this study, it is shown that the use of the modified Poincare map, based on the relative carrier speed, can provide an effective way for identification and quantification of bearing damage in rolling element bearings.

1.
Choy
,
F. K.
,
Polyshchuk
,
V.
,
Zakrajsek
,
J. J.
,
Handschuh
,
R. F.
, and
Townsend
,
D. P.
, 1996, “
Analysis of the Effects of Surface Pitting and Wear of the Vibrations of a Gear Transmission System
,”
ASME J. Tribol.
0742-4787,
28
(
1
), pp.
77
83
.
2.
Choy
,
F. K.
,
F.
K.
,
Huang
,
S.
,
Zakrajsek
,
J. J.
,
Hanschuh
,
R. F.
, and
Townsend
,
D. P.
, 1996, “
Vibration Signature Analysis of a Faulted Gear System
,”
AIAA J.
0001-1452,
12
(
2
), pp.
289
295
.
3.
McFadden
,
P. D.
, 1986, “
Detecting Fatigue Cracks in Gears by Amplitude and Phase Demodulation of the Meshing Vibration
,”
ASME J. Vibr. Acoust.
0739-3717,
108
(
2
), pp.
165
170
.
4.
McFadden
,
P. D.
, 1986, “
Detecting Fatigue Cracks in Gears by Amplitude and Phase Demodulation of the Meshing Vibration
,”
ASME J. Vibr. Acoust.
0739-3717,
108
(
2
), pp.
165
170
.
5.
Forrester
,
B. D.
, 1990, “
Analysis of Gear Vibration in the Time Frequency Domain
”,
Proc. Of the 44th Meeting of the Mechanical Failure Prevenention Group
, pp.
225
234
.
6.
Polyshchuk
,
V.
, 1999, “
Detection and Quantification of the Gear Tooth Damage from the Vibration and Acoustic Signatures
,” Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Akron, Akron, OH.
7.
Bamberger
,
E. N.
,
et al.
, 1971,
Life Adjustment Factors for Ball and Roller Bearings—An Engineering Design Guide
,
ASME
, New York, pp.
8
14
.
8.
Lundlberg
,
G.
, and
Palmgren
,
A.
, 1947, “
Dynamic Capacity of Rolling Bearings
,”
Acta Polytech. Scand., Mech. Eng. Ser.
0001-687X,
1
(
3
), p.
7
.
9.
Igarashi
,
T.
, and
Kato
,
J.
, 1985, “
Studied on the Vibration and Sound of Defective Rolling Element Bearings (Third Report, Vibration of Ball Bearings with Multiple Defects)
,”
Bull. JSME
0021-3764,
28
(
27
), pp.
492
499
.
10.
McFadden
,
P. D.
, and
Smith
,
J. D.
, 1985 “
The Vibration Produced by Multiple Point Defects in a Rolling Element Bearing
,”
J. Sound Vib.
0022-460X
98
(
2
), pp.
263
273
.
11.
Choy
,
F. K.
,
Wang
,
L.
,
Zhou
,
J.
, and
Braun
,
M. J.
, 2004, “
On-Line Vibration Monitoring of Ball Bearing Damage Using an Experimental Test Rig
,”
Paper will be presented in The 10th of International Symposium on Transport Phenomena and Dynamics of Rotating Machinery
, Honolulu, HA, Paper 2004-127, CD-ROM, pp.
1
10
.
12.
Ehrich
,
F. F.
, 1991, “
Some Observations of Chaotic Vibration Phenomena in High-Speed Rotordynamics
,”
ASME J. Vibr. Acoust.
0739-3717,
113
, pp.
50
57
.
13.
Moon
,
F. C.
, 1987,
Chaotic Vibrations
,
Wiley
, New York.
14.
Brockett
,
R. W.
, 1982, ”
On Conditions Leading to Chaos in Feedback Systems
,”
IEEE Proc., 21st Conf. Division Control
, pp.
932
936
.
15.
Bryant
,
P.
, and
Jeffries
,
C.
, 1984. “
Experimental Study of Driven Nonlinear Oscillator Exhibiting Hopf Bifurcations, Strong Resonances, Homoclinic Bifurcations and Chaotic Behavior
,” Lawerence Berkeley Laboratory report, LBL-16949, January.
16.
Henon
,
M.
, 1982. “
On the Numerical Computation of Poincare Map
,”
Physica D
0167-2789
5
, pp.
412
414
.
You do not currently have access to this content.