This paper presents a deliberately designed elastohydrodynamical lubrication (EHL) experiment for the study of the individual effect of the limiting shear stress and wall slippage. Very slow entrainment speeds were employed to avoid influential shear heating and oils of high viscosities were chosen to ensure that the conjunction was under typical EHL. An anomalous EHL film, characterized by a dimple at the inlet region, was obtained. Literature revealed that this inlet dimple was reported in some numerical studies taking into consideration the limiting-shear-stress characteristics of the lubricant and wall slippage. It was found that even under the same kinematic conditions, different types of film shape would be generated by simple disc sliding and simple ball sliding. Simple disc sliding produces an inlet dimple with a comparatively thick inlet film thickness, which droops rapidly toward the outlet region. For simple ball sliding, there is also an inlet dimple but the central film thickness is rather uniform. However, by prerunning the conjunction at a zero entrainment velocity (at the same linear speeds but in opposite directions) before the sliding experiment, the slope of the central film of simple disc sliding becomes smaller. It is probably due to the modification of solid-liquid interface, i.e., the slippage level, by the highly pressurized and stressed prerunning conditions. With a prescribed prerunning, which can produce very similar films at simple disc sliding and simple ball sliding, variation of film thickness was studied and it was found that the inlet dimple film has obvious dependence on entrainment speeds, but was not sensitive to loads. The present experimental results can be considered as direct evidence for those numerical findings of the inlet dimple. Tentatively, an effective viscosity wedge is proposed to account for the formation of the inlet dimple.
An Anomalous Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Film: Inlet Dimple
Contributed by the Tribology Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division March 1, 2004; revised manuscript received December 16, 2004. Review conducted by: C. H. Venner.
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Guo , F., and Wong, P. L. (April 7, 2005). "An Anomalous Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Film: Inlet Dimple ." ASME. J. Tribol. April 2005; 127(2): 425–434. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1866165
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