Honeycomb damper seals with convergent-tapered clearance have been proposed to improve static and dynamic characteristics of liquid annular seals employed in pumps. Their characteristics are experimentally investigated and compared to those for a conventional straight (no taper) annular seal with smooth surface and a straight damper seal with identical honeycomb pattern in seal stator. Three convergent-tapered honeycomb damper seals are used in the test, and have different inlet clearance (maximum clearance) and almost the same outlet clearance (minimum clearance). Their outlet clearance is almost the same as the clearance of the straight smooth seal and is slightly smaller than the clearance of the straight damper seal. Experimental results show that the convergent-tapered damper seals as well as the straight damper seal have lower leakage flow rate and cross-coupled stiffness coefficients, and larger main damping coefficients than the straight smooth seal, resulting in larger effective damping coefficients. These results are mainly due to surface roughness in the seal stator such as a honeycomb pattern used in the present analysis. The convergent-tapered damper seals also have larger main stiffness coefficients than the straight smooth and damper seals, which is mainly due to the convergent-tapered clearance and yields larger radial reaction force for a small concentric whirling motion. Consequently, the convergent-tapered damper seals have better seal characteristics than the conventional straight smooth seal and the straight damper seal with the same roughness pattern from the viewpoints of decreasing the leakage and improving the rotor stability capacity.
Experimental Study on Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Liquid Annular Convergent-Tapered Damper Seals With Honeycomb Roughness Pattern
Contributed by the Tribology Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division May 8, 2002; revised manuscript received October 25, 2002. Associate Editor: S. Wu.
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Kaneko, S., Ikeda, T., Saito, T., and Ito, S. (June 19, 2003). "Experimental Study on Static and Dynamic Characteristics of Liquid Annular Convergent-Tapered Damper Seals With Honeycomb Roughness Pattern ." ASME. J. Tribol. July 2003; 125(3): 592–599. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1538621
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