We numerically investigated contact characteristics of a contact pad with a rough disk surface and the possibility of contact/near-contact sliders, using a single-degree-of-freedom (1-DOF) slider and a random wavy surface model with random roughness. Contact characteristics of a contact pad are numerically calculated based on a modified Greenwood-Williamson model, considering the bulk deformation of the surface due to all other asperity contact forces. It was found that contact stiffness and other characteristics are mainly determined by asperity contact, to the extent that the contact pad penetrates into the upper standard deviation of asperity peak height. However, the contact stiffness tends to approach a constant value as the pad penetrates into the average asperity height because the bulk deformation becomes predominant. From the numerical simulations of a 1-DOF air bearing slider model in contact and near-contact regimes over a random wavy surface with random roughness, a typical example of design condition of disk surface waviness in terms of the tracking ability and wear durability are shown, and the possibility and difficulty of a contact/near-contact slider is discussed. Finally, we analyzed meniscus effects on the contact characteristics and found a hysteresis process of the touch down and take off of a slider due to the meniscus force.
Design Consideration of Contact/Near-Contact Sliders Based on a Rough Surface Contact Model
Contributed by the Tribology Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division March 5, 2002 revised manuscript received August 6, 2002. Associate Editor: J. L. Streator.
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Iida, K., and Ono, K. (June 19, 2003). "Design Consideration of Contact/Near-Contact Sliders Based on a Rough Surface Contact Model ." ASME. J. Tribol. July 2003; 125(3): 562–570. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1537269
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