The effect of a deposited soft thin metallic film on friction properties of a hardened steel substrate has been investigated experimentally and theoretically. The dependency of the film thickness and contact load on the static friction coefficient is presented. The experimental observations show that deformation of the film in contact was plastic, thereby confirming the assumption of the theoretical calculation. The effect of the film thickness on the contact area has been analyzed. A model for calculating the static friction coefficient of contacting rough surfaces in the presence of a soft thin film has been used. Results from the numerical calculations have been compared with the present static friction measurements performed on a pin on plate reciprocating apparatus. The rise in friction that occurs with increasing thickness for very thin films is discussed in detail. The calculated results, which predict the correct trend of the friction behavior from the present experiment, cover an extremely large range of from to where three different dependencies of on the static friction coefficient can be identified. An investigation into the discrepancy between the calculated and experimental values for the static friction coefficient μ suggests that an accurate prediction of the magnitude of μ depends to a great extent on the level of accuracy in measuring the value of the constant ζ, the effective hardness of the film.
The Effect of Film Thickness on Initial Friction of Elastic-Plastically Rough Surface With a Soft Thin Metallic Film
Contributed by the Tribology Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division September 14, 2001; revised manuscript received July 19, 2001. Associate Editor: T. C. Ovaert.
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Liu , Z., Neville , A., and Reuben, R. L. (May 31, 2002). "The Effect of Film Thickness on Initial Friction of Elastic-Plastically Rough Surface With a Soft Thin Metallic Film ." ASME. J. Tribol. July 2002; 124(3): 627–636. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1454103
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