This theoretical study concentrates on the mathematical analysis of the motion of small (5–50 μm) spherical solid particles in the inlet zone of elastohydrodynamic point contacts, found in various machine elements as, for example, in ball bearings, in order to compute the particle trajectories in the fluid flow. Particles may collide on a moving element of the contact (e.g., a ball in a bearing) or bypass it. For those particles that collide on another element, a fluid and mechanical force analysis reveals if they will be entrapped and, possibly, cause surface damage, or temporarily or finally expelled. Particle rejection is associated with the risk of inlet blockage and fluid starvation, which may further cause film collapse and scuffing. The study gives useful evidence of the probabilities of particle entrapment or rejection, extending the concept to evaluate the probabilities of oil starvation, surface indentation, or both, under various operating conditions.
Particle Entrainment in Elastohydrodynamic Point Contacts and Related Risks of Oil Starvation and Surface Indentation
Contributed by the Tribology Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division January 9, 2001; revised manuscript received September 27, 2001. Associate Editor: A. A. Lubrecht.
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Nikas, G. K. (May 31, 2002). "Particle Entrainment in Elastohydrodynamic Point Contacts and Related Risks of Oil Starvation and Surface Indentation ." ASME. J. Tribol. July 2002; 124(3): 461–467. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1467083
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