The lubrication with oil-in-water emulsions is usually supposed to be governed by the oil phase being concentrated in a reservoir that supplies the contact. In this paper, another lubrication process in an elastohydrodynamic ball/disc contact is presented. It is found that above a critical entrainment speed a thick film grows in the contact with time and reaches a limiting thickness. Viscous adherent boundary layers are formed and observed on both the surfaces. Pressure and speed are required for the film build-up. An additional sliding speed at constant entrainment speed induces a shearing at the interface between the boundary layers and the substrate that depends on the nature of the contacting surface. It is shown that these high viscosity boundary films ensure a starved lubrication. The modelling of the starvation process allows us to evaluate the viscosity of these boundary layers and their mean supply rate to the contact. A fine analysis of this latter parameter shows that the lubricating film results from the equilibrium between the flow rate of lubricating particles in the inlet zone and the amount of particles that cannot stay in the contact between two passages which strongly depends on the entrainment speed. A classical adsorption process does not seem responsible for the anchorage of the boundary films to the surfaces. The adherence of the films is explained by an approach based on electric interactions between ionic surfactants and the oxidized metallic surfaces according to the position of their isoelectric point compared to the pH of the emulsion.
Formation of Boundary Lubricating Layers With Water-Based Lubricant in a Concentrated Elastohydrodynamic Contact
Contributed by the Tribology Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division October 10, 2000; revised manuscript received March 7, 2001. Associate Editor: B. O. Jacobson.
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Boure´ , P., Mazuyer , D., Georges, J., Lubrecht, A. A., and Lorentz, G. (March 7, 2001). "Formation of Boundary Lubricating Layers With Water-Based Lubricant in a Concentrated Elastohydrodynamic Contact ." ASME. J. Tribol. January 2002; 124(1): 91–102. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1398549
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