In this paper, two types of stationary guides are presented to improve the web spacing characteristics; hybrid hollow porous guide for maintaining the sufficient web spacing and grooved guide for removing the entrained air. In the hybrid hollow porous guide, the pressurized air is added to the lubrication air flow between web and guide from inside the guide. Then, the web spacing characteristics are improved by the hybrid effects of hydrodynamic pressure due to web movements and hydrostatic pressure due to pressurized added air through the guide. The relations between web spacing and web velocity are measured under various supply pressures. Moreover, the relations between web spacing and web tension are examined. The contactless optical sensor, which can measure the variation of the quantities of reflected light from the back surface of web according to the variation of web spacing, is used to obtain the web spacing under various conditions. In the grooved guide, the method for the estimation of web spacing by using the concept of equivalent spacing between web and guide is presented, and the web spacing is measured by the same experimental apparatus used in the case of hollow porous guide. From the calculated and measured results obtained, the effectiveness of two types of guides on the web spacing is clarified. Finally, based on the assumptions of Gaussian distributions of asperities, the simple relations to predict the friction coefficient between web and guide surfaces are formulated, and the variation of friction coefficient with velocity is shown for various values of web tension.
Improvement of Web Spacing and Friction Characteristics by Two Types of Stationary Guides
Contributed by the Tribology Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for presentation at the STLE/ASME Tribology Conference, Seattle, WA, October 1–4. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division Feb. 23, 2000; revised manuscript received July 6, 2000. Paper No. 2000-TRIB-34. Associate Editor: J. Fre^ne.
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Hashimoto, H., and Nakagawa, H. (July 6, 2000). "Improvement of Web Spacing and Friction Characteristics by Two Types of Stationary Guides ." ASME. J. Tribol. July 2001; 123(3): 509–516. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1308033
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