In order to investigate into the quantitative relationship between the hydrostatic pressure generated within the surface pocket of the workpiece and the normal pressure acting on the real contact area at the interface of metal forming such as drawing, rolling, forging and so on, the hydrostatic pressure is calculated accompanied with reduction in height in upsetting of cylinders having a central conical impression or a central conical dent filled with lubricant on the top surface, using the rigid-plastic finite element method. The formulated is based on the plasticity theory. The material is assumed to be rigid perfectly plastic material. It is assumed that the hydrostatic pressure is generated accompanied with a volume change in the surface pocket for compressible lubricants. The results obtained from the calculation are as follows: (1) The hydrostatic pressure generated within the lubricant in a central conical impression in cylindrical upsetting approaches the yield stress at a reduction in height of about 4 percent; (2) The hydrostatic pressure generated within the lubricant in a central conical dent in cylindrical upsetting having an annular asperity increases linearly and abruptly with increasing height reduction when the contact area ratio is small and the bulk deformation is elastic, and it increases gradually and the maximum value approaches the normal pressure acting on the contact area when the contact area ratio becomes large and the bulk deformation is plastic. [S0742-4787(00)00503-8]
FEM Analysis of Hydrostatic Pressure Generated Within Lubricant Entrapped Into Pocket on Workpiece Surface in Upsetting Process
Contributed by the Tribology Division for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY. Manuscript received by the Tribology Division August 11, 1999; revised manuscript received September 21, 1999. Associate Technical Editor: M. M. Khonsair.
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Azushima, A. (September 21, 1999). "FEM Analysis of Hydrostatic Pressure Generated Within Lubricant Entrapped Into Pocket on Workpiece Surface in Upsetting Process ." ASME. J. Tribol. October 2000; 122(4): 822–827. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1286160
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