A finite element model has been developed to predict crack initiation and propagation in a notched disk submitted to rolling contact fatigue. The aim of this study is to validate the model with experimental results obtained by tests carried out on a two-disk machine. First, a three-dimensional finite element analysis is performed. A unidimensional equivalent damage stress is calculated by applying a plastic criterion in an attempt to estimate the damage location and the time necessary to initiate cracks from the notches. Then a two-dimensional calculation based on linear fracture mechanics is conducted to determine mixed mode stress intensity factors at the tip of a crack initiated from the notch. Several crack growth criteria are used to evaluate crack growth direction and rate. Numerical results are in good agreement with experimental ones.

1.
Amestoy, M., Bui, H. D., and Dang Van, K., 1981, “Analytic Asymptotic Solution of the Kinked Crack Problem,” Advances in Fracture Research Proc 5th Int. Conf. on Fracture, Cannes, Pergamon, Oxford, p. 348.
2.
Bold
P. E.
,
Brown
M. W.
, and
Allen
R. J.
,
1992
, “
A Review of Fatigue Crack Growth in Steels Under Mode I and II Loading
,”
Fatigue Fracture Engineering Mater. Struct.
, Vol.
15
, No.
10
, pp.
965
977
.
3.
Bold
P. E.
,
Brown
M. W.
, and
Allen
R. J.
,
1991
, “
Shear Mode Crack Growth and Rolling Contact Fatigue
,”
Wear
, Vol.
144
, pp.
307
317
.
4.
Bower
A. F.
,
1988
, “
The Influence of Crack Face Friction and Trapped Fluid on Surface Initiated Rolling Contact Fatigue Cracks
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY
, Vol.
110
, pp.
704
713
.
5.
Cheng
W.
,
Cheng
H. S.
, and
Keer
L. M.
,
1994
a, “
Experimental Investigation on Rolling/Sliding Contact Fatigue Crack Initiation with Artificial Defects
,”
STLE Tribology Transactions
, Vol.
37
, No.
1
, pp.
1
12
.
6.
Cheng
W.
,
Cheng
H. S.
, and
Keer
L. M.
,
1994
b, “
Longitudinal Crack Initiation Under Pure Rolling Contact Fatigue
,”
STLE Tribology Transactions
, Vol.
37
, No.
1
, pp.
51
58
.
7.
Cheng
W.
,
Cheng
H. S.
,
Keer
L. M.
, and
Ai
X.
,
1993
, “
Surface Crack Initiation Under Contact Fatigue: Experimental Observation and Contact Analysis
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY
, Vol.
115
, pp.
658
665
.
8.
D’Hondt, H., and Truchon, M., 1982, “Etude du Branchement des Fissures de Fatigue sous Sollicitations Bimodales non Proportionnelles. Influence de la Cine´tique de Propagation,” IRSID PE 3459 313221.
9.
Erdogan
F.
, and
Sih
G. C.
,
1963
, “
On the crack Extension in Plates Under Plane Loading and Transverse Shear
,”
ASME Journal of Basic Engineering
, Vol.
85
, pp
519
527
.
10.
Hourlier, F., D’Hondt, H., Truchon, M., and Pineau, A., 1985, “Fatigue Crack Path Behaviour Under Polymodal fatigue In Multiaxial Fatigue,” ASTM STP 853 K. J. Miller and M. W. Brown, eds.
11.
Kaneta
M.
, and
Murakami
Y.
,
1987
, “
Effects of Oil Hydraulic Pressure On Surface Crack Growth in Rolling/Sliding Contact
,”
ASLE Transactions
, Vol.
20
, No.
4
, pp.
210
217
.
12.
Keer
L. M.
, and
Bryant
M. D.
,
1983
, “
A Pitting Model For Rolling Contact Fatigue Crack
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF LUBRICATION TECHNOLOGY
, Vol.
105
, pp.
198
205
.
13.
Murakami, Y., and Kaneta, M., 1989, “Fracture Mechanics Approach to Tribology Problems,” Fracture Mechanics, Perspectives and Directions, pp. 668–690.
14.
Otsuka, A., Mori, K., and Tohgo, K., 1985, “Mode II Fatigue Crack Growth in Aluminium Alloys,” The Society of Mat. Sc. Japan.
15.
Otsuka
A.
,
Mori
K.
, and
Miyata
T.
,
1975
, “
The Condition of Fatigue Crack Growth in Mixed Mode Condition
,”
Engineering Fracture Mechanics
, Vol.
7
, No.
3
, pp.
429
439
.
16.
Polk
C. J.
, and
Rowe
C. N.
,
1976
, “
Crak Growth Rate: Its Measurement And a Controlling Factor in Rolling Contact Fatigue
,”
ASLE Transactions
, Vol.
19
, No.
1
, pp.
23
32
.
17.
Tanaka
K.
,
1974
, “
Fatigue Crack Propagation From A Crack Inclined To The Cyclic Tensile Axis
,”
Engineering Fracture Mechanics
, Vol.
6
, pp.
493
507
.
18.
Visse, E., 1995, “Calcul des Coefficients d’intensite´ de contraintes,” Rapport EDF-DER. Note Technique sous AQ Logiciel scientifique HI-75/95/003 Indice A.
19.
Way
S.
,
1935
, “
Pitting Due to Rolling Contact
,”
ASME Journal of Applied Mechanics
, Vol.
2
, pp.
A49–A58
A49–A58
.
20.
Yoshimura
H.
,
Rubin
C. A.
, and
Hahn
G. T.
,
1984
, “
A Technique for Studying Crack Growth Under Repeated Rolling Contact
,”
Wear
, Vol.
95
, pp.
29
34
.
21.
Yoshioka
T.
, and
Fujiwara
T.
,
1986
, “
The Crak Growth Rate in Rolling Contact Fatigue is Very Fast
,”
Wear
, Vol.
113
, pp.
291
294
.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.