This paper provides the results of an extensive sliding wear testing program to evaluate wear resistance of several material couples currently used for high temperature applications such as ground based gas turbines and aircraft engines. Nickel and cobalt base superalloys and iron base stainless steels were tested in different combinations, and their wear rates compared to determine optimal wear resistance. The results show that an alloy’s wear resistance is highly dependent on operating temperature and its coupling with another material. The influences of friction, hardness, and oxide formation on the alloy’s wear resistance are also presented and discussed.

1.
Archard, J. F., Hirst, W., 1956, “The Wear of Metals Under Unlubricated Conditions,” Proc. Roy. Soc., Series A236, pp. 397–419.
2.
Bagepalli, B., Dinc, S., Imam, I., Barnes, J., and Slocum, C., 1992, “A System Dynamics Approach to Modeling Gas Turbine Combustor Wear,” ASME International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress, Cologne, Germany, paper no, GT-92-047.
3.
Bagepalli, B., Dinc, S., and Cromer, R., “Modeling and Design for Low Wear: A System Dynamic Approach,” ASME Winter Annual Meeting, New Orleans, Paper No. 93-WA/DSC-13.
4.
Bayer, R. G., 1994, “Wear Behavior and Phenomena,” Mechanical Wear Prediction and Prevention, Marcel Decker, New York.
5.
Dinc
O. S.
,
Cromer
R.
, and
Calabrese
S. J.
,
1996
, “
Redesigning Mechanical System for Low Wear Using System Dynamics Modeling
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF TRIBOLOGY
, Vol.
118
, pp.
415
422
.
6.
Fabian
R. J.
,
1964
, “
Plastic Bearing Materials
,”
Materials Design Engineering
, Vol.
1
, pp.
90
95
.
7.
Mitchell
D. R. G.
, and
Stott
F. H.
,
1992
, “
The Oxidation of Titanium Nitride-and Silicon Nitride-Coated Stainless Steel in Carbon Dioxide Environments
,”
Corrosion Science
, Vol.
33
, No.
7
, pp.
1083
1098
.
8.
Murray
S. F.
,
Calabrese
S. J.
,
1993
, “
Effect of Solid Lubricants on Low Speed Sliding Behavior of Silicon Nitride at Temperatures to 800°C
,”
Lubrication Engineering
, Vol.
49
, pp.
955
964
.
9.
Peterson, M. B., Calabrese, S. J., Stupp, B., 1986, “Lubrication with Naturally Occurring Oxide Film,” ADA 124248 NTIS, US Department of Commerce.
10.
Peterson, M. B., Calabrese, S. J., Li, S. Z., Jiang, X., 1994, “Film,” National Science Foundation, Final Report, NSF Grant MSS-902088.
11.
Rabinowicz
E.
,
1984
, “
The Least Wear
,”
Wear
, Vol.
100
, pp.
533
541
.
12.
Rabinowicz, E., 1981, “The Wear Coefficient—Magnitude, Scatter, Uses,” ASME JOURNAL OF LUBRICATION TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 103.
13.
Rabinowicz
E.
,
1967
, “
Lubrication of Metal Surfaces by Oxide Films
,”
ASLE Transactions
, Vol.
10
, pp.
400
406
.
14.
Sliney, H. E., 1961, “Rare Earth Fluorides Oxides-An Explatory Study of Their Use as Solid Lubricants at Temperatures to 1800°R (1000°C),” NASA TN D5301, NASA, Washington, DC.
15.
Sliney
H. E.
,
1974
, “
High Temperature Solid Lubricants, Part I: Layered Lattice Compounds and Graphite
,”
Mechanical Engineer
,
96
.
2
, pp.
18
22
.
16.
Shizhuio
L.
,
Jiang
X.
,
Yin
F.
,
1989
, “
On Self-Lubrication of Ni-Cu-Re Alloy at Elevated Temperatures
,”
Materials Science Progress
, Vol.
3
, pp.
482
486
.
17.
Stack
M. M.
,
Stott
F. H.
, and
Wood
G. C.
,
1992
, “
The Effect of Pre-oxidation of Chromia and Alumina Forming Alloys on Erosion in Laboratory Simulated Fluidized-Bed Conditions
,”
Corrosion Science
, Vol.
33
, No.
6
, pp.
965
983
.
18.
Winer
W. O.
,
1967
, “
Molybdenum Disulfide as a Lubricant: A Review of the Fundamental Knowledge
,”
Wear
, Vol.
10
, pp.
442
452
.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.