Conventional formula for calculating the running torque of tapered roller bearings often showed discrepancy from actual running torque, particularly under axial load. Therefore, an equation was formulated based on the knowledge of EHL rolling resistance and EHL oil film thickness. Careful examination of actual bearing running torque suggested the load dependency of EHL rolling resistance which previous theory did not include. Such load effect was confirmed by means of two disc machine and the equation was partly corrected. A new running torque formula of a tapered roller bearing under axial load was proposed and good agreement with actual bearing torque was confirmed.

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