Test results are presented for nine annular seals which use a roughened stator and smooth rotor to yield an increase in net damping as compared to conventional smooth-rotor / smooth-stator annular seals. Round-hole roughness patterns are used to achieve the desired stator roughness. The results presented demonstrate that the maximum net damping is achieved by (a) a hole pattern which takes up about 34 percent of the surface area, and (b) hole depths which are about three times the radial clearances. When compared to a smooth seal, the optimum configuration increases net damping by 37 percent, while reducing leakage by 46 percent and direct stiffness by 23 percent. Comparisons of experiment to theory are generally satisfactory for hole-patterns near the optimum area ratio of 34 percent. However, the theory is unsatisfactory for seals which have a substantially higher percentage of the surface area taken up by holes.

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