This paper deals with energy performance of a shallow basement in six climates ranging from cold to desert one. A case study of a partially-buried house located in the hot semi-arid climate of Marrakech (Morocco) is first monitored during two months in summer and two months in winter. A TRNSYS model of this house was built and validated against the monitoring results. Simulation results show that the annual thermal load of the partially-buried house is always lower than that of the corresponding above ground building house except for the Atlantic climate. Indeed, burying the house at 1.2 m reduces its annual thermal load by 19% at least in the Mediterranean climate and by about 39% in the cold climate.