Heat rejection for space suit thermal control is typically achieved by sublimating water ice to vacuum. Converting the majority of a space suit's surface area into a radiator may offer an alternative means of heat rejection, thus reducing the undesirable loss of water mass to space. In this work, variable infrared (IR) emissivity electrochromic materials are considered and analyzed as a mechanism to actively modulate radiative heat rejection in the proposed full suit radiator architecture. A simplified suit geometry and lunar pole thermal environment is used to provide a first-order estimate of electrochromic performance requirements, including number of individually controllable pixels and the emissivity variation that they must be able to achieve to enable this application. In addition to several implementation considerations, two fundamental integration architecture options are presented—constant temperature and constant heat flux. With constant temperature integration, up to 48 individual pixels with an achievable emissivity range of 0.169–0.495 could be used to reject a metabolic load range of 100 W–500 W. Alternatively, with constant heat flux integration, approximately 400 pixels with an achievable emissivity range of 0.122–0.967 are required to reject the same load range in an identical external environment. Overall, the use of variable emissivity electrochromics in this capacity is shown to offer a potentially feasible solution to approach zero consumable loss thermal control in space suits.
Defining a Discretized Space Suit Surface Radiator With Variable Emissivity Properties
Contributed by the Heat Transfer Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS. Manuscript received February 21, 2015; final manuscript received July 4, 2015; published online August 12, 2015. Assoc. Editor: Steve Cai.
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Massina, C. J., and Klaus, D. M. (August 12, 2015). "Defining a Discretized Space Suit Surface Radiator With Variable Emissivity Properties." ASME. J. Thermal Sci. Eng. Appl. December 2015; 7(4): 041014. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4031132
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