This article reviews the progress, challenges and opportunities in heat transfer research as applied to high-temperature thermochemical systems that use high-flux solar irradiation as the source of process heat. Selected pertinent areas such as radiative spectroscopy and tomography-based heat and mass characterization of heterogeneous media, kinetics of high-temperature heterogeneous reactions, heat and mass transfer modeling of solar thermochemical systems, and thermal measurements in high-temperature systems are presented, with brief discussions of their methods and example results from selected applications.

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