HFO-1336mzz-Z with low global warming potential (GWP) was considered as a promising alternative of HCFC-123, HFC-245fa in air conditioning (AC) and heat pump (HP), respectively. In order to understand the operation performances of HFO-1336mzz-Z and HCFC-123, HFC-245fa in different working conditions, an experimental setup for testing the refrigeration cycle performance was built. The cycle performances of HFO-1336mzz-Z and HCFC-123 in AC conditions, HFO-1336mzz-Z and HFC-245fa in HP conditions were investigated by experiment. It was found in AC conditions, the discharge temperatures for the systems with HFO-1336mzz-Z and HCFC-123 were lower than 115 °C, the cooling capacity of the system with HFO-1336mzz-Z was 27% less than that with HCFC-123 at least, and the coefficient of performance (COP) of the system with HFO-1336mzz-Z was 0.1 lower than that with HCFC-123; in HP conditions, the discharge temperature with HFO-1336mzz-Z was lower than that with HFC-245fa, the former was never over 115 °C while the latter was up to 126 °C, the power input to the compressor with HFO-1336mzz-Z was 20% less than that with HFC-245fa in the same HP conditions, the heating capacity of the system with HFO-1336mzz-Z was 30–40% less than that with HFC-245fa.

References

References
1.
Farman
,
J. C.
,
Gardiner
,
B. G.
, and
Shanklin
,
J. D.
,
1985
, “
Large Losses of Total Ozone in Antarctica Reveal Seasonal ClOx/NOx Interaction
,”
Nature
,
315
(
6016
), pp.
207
210
.
2.
Minor
,
B. H.
, and
Spatz
,
M. W.
,
2007
, “
HFO-1234yf—A Low GWP Refrigerant for MAC
,”
Second European Workshop on Mobile Air Conditioning and Auxiliaries
,
Torino, Italy
,
Nov. 29–30
, pp.
1
26
.
3.
Zilio
,
C.
,
Brown
,
J. S.
,
Schiochet
,
G.
, and
Cavallini
,
A.
,
2011
, “
The Refrigerant R1234yf in Air Conditioning Systems
,”
Energy
,
36
(
10
), pp.
6110
6120
.
4.
Brown
,
J. S.
,
Zilio
,
C.
, and
Cavallini
,
A.
,
2009
, “
The Fluorinated Olefin R-1234ze(Z) as a High-Temperature Heat Pumping Refrigerant
,”
Int. J. Refrig.
,
32
(
6
), pp.
1412
1422
.
5.
Fukuda
,
S.
,
Kondou
,
C.
,
Takata
,
N.
, and
Koyama
,
S.
,
2014
, “
Low GWP Refrigerants R1234ze(E) and R1234ze(Z) for High Temperature Heat Pumps
,”
Int. J. Refrig.
,
40
, pp.
161
173
.
6.
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2012
, “
A Zero-ODP Low GWP Working Fluid for High Temperature Heating and Power Generation From Low Temperature Heat: DR-2
,”
International Symposium on New Refrigerants and Environmental Technology
,
Kobe, Japan
,
Nov. 8–9
, pp.
212
216
.
7.
Baasandorj
,
M.
,
Ravishankara
,
A. R.
, and
Burkholder
,
J. B.
,
2011
, “
Atmospheric Chemistry of (Z)-CF3CH=CHCF3: OH Radical Reaction Rate Coefficient and Global Warming Potential
,”
J. Phys. Chem. A
,
115
(
38
), pp.
10539
10549
.
8.
Myhre
,
G.
,
Shindell
,
D.
,
Bréon
,
F. M.
,
Collins
,
W.
,
Fuglestvedt
,
J.
,
Huang
,
J.
,
Koch
,
D.
,
Lamarque
,
J.-F.
,
Lee
,
D.
,
Mendoza
,
B.
,
Nakajima
,
T.
,
Robock
,
A.
,
Stephens
,
G.
,
Takemura
,
T.
, and
Zhang
,
H.
,
2013
, “
Anthropogenic and Natural Radiative Forcing
,”
Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
,
T. F.
,
Stocker
,
D.
,
Qin
,
G.-K.
,
Plattner
,
M.
,
Tignor
,
S. K.
,
Allen
,
J.
,
Boschung
,
A.
,
Nauels
,
Y.
,
Xia
,
V.
,
Bex
, and
P. M.
,
Midgley
, eds.,
Cambridge University Press
,
Cambridge, UK
, pp.
731
738
.
9.
Calm
,
J. M.
,
2002
, “
Options and Outlook for Chiller Refrigerants
,”
Int. J. Refrig.
,
25
(
6
), pp.
705
715
.
10.
Cavallini
,
A.
,
Zilio
,
C.
, and
Brown
,
J. S.
,
2014
, “
Sustainability With Prospective Refrigerants
,”
Int. J. Energy Res.
,
38
(
3
), pp.
285
298
.
11.
Lemmon
,
E. W.
,
Huber
,
M. L.
, and
McLinden
,
M. O.
,
2010
, “
NIST Standard Reference Database 23, Version 9.0
,” Thermophysical Properties Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO.
12.
Walter
,
W. F.
,
Kennoy
,
D. H.
,
Brock
,
W. J.
,
Cunningham
,
S.
,
Dideon
,
D. A.
,
Doerr
,
R. G.
,
Dugard
,
P. H.
,
Hughes
,
H. M.
,
Jepson
,
G. W.
,
Kohler
,
J. A.
,
Kujak
,
S.
,
Kusmierz
,
A.
,
Leck
,
T. J.
,
MacLeod
,
S.
,
Manole
,
D. M.
,
McLinden
,
M. O.
,
Mouli
,
N. C.
,
Murphy
,
S. R.
,
Nanjundaram
,
S.
,
Patnaik
,
V.
,
Richard
,
R. G.
,
Rusch
,
G. M.
,
Senediak
,
J.
,
Sundaresan
,
G. S.
,
Troy
,
E. F.
,
Wilson
,
D. P.
, and
Zheng
,
J.
,
2007
, ASHRAE Standard Designation and Safety Classification of Refrigerants, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Atlanta, Georgia, Standard No.
ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 34-2007
.https://www.ashrae.org/File%20Library/Technical%20Resources/Standards%20and%20Guidelines/Standards%20Addenda/34_2007_w_FINAL.pdf
13.
United Nations Environment Programme
,
2017
, “
The Secretariat for The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
,”
Handbook for the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer
,
11th ed.
,
United Nations Environment Programme
,
Nairobi, Kenya
.
14.
Datla
,
B. V.
, and
Brasz
,
J. J.
,
2012
, “
Organic Rankine Cycle System Analysis for Low GWP Working Fluids
,”
14th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference
,
July 16–19
, p.
1285
.
15.
Molés
,
F.
,
Navarro-Esbrí
,
J.
,
Peris
,
B.
,
Mota-Babiloni
,
A.
,
Barragán-Cervera
,
Á.
, and
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2014
, “
Low GWP Alternatives to HFC-245fa in Organic Rankine Cycles for Low Temperature Heat Recovery: HCFO-1233zd-E and HFO-1336mzz-Z
,”
Appl. Therm. Eng.
,
71
(
1
), pp.
204
212
.
16.
Molés
,
F.
,
Navarro-Esbrí
,
J.
,
Peris
,
B.
,
Mota-Babiloni
,
A.
, and
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2015
, “
Thermodynamic Analysis of a Combined Organic Rankine Cycle and Vapor Compression Cycle System Activated With Low Temperature Heat Sources Using Low GWP Fluids
,”
Appl. Therm. Eng.
,
87
, pp.
444
453
.
17.
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2014
, “
HFO-1336mzz-Z: High Temperature Chemical Stability and Use as a Working Fluid in Organic Rankine Cycles
,”
15th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference
,
July 14–17
, p.
1525
.
18.
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2014
, “
HFO-1336mzz-Z as a Low GWP Working Fluid for Transcritical Rankine Power Cycles
,”
International Symposium on New Refrigerants and Environmental Technology
,
Japan
,
Nov. 20–21
, pp.
1
6
.
19.
Navarro-Esbrí
,
J.
,
Molés
,
F.
,
Peris
,
B.
,
Mota-Babiloni
,
A.
, and
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2017
, “
Experimental Study of an Organic Rankine Cycle With HFO-1336mzz-Z as a Low Global Warming Potential Working Fluid for Micro-Scale Low Temperature Applications
,”
Energy
,
133
, pp.
79
89
.
20.
Juhasz
,
J. R.
, and
Simoni
,
L. D.
,
2015
, “
A Review of Potential Working Fluids for Low Temperature Organic Rankine Cycles in Waste Heat Recovery
,”
Third International Seminar on ORC Power Systems
,
Brussels, Belgium
,
Oct. 12–14
, p.
177
.
21.
Raabe
,
G.
,
2015
, “
Molecular Simulation Studies on the Vapor-Liquid Equilibria of the Cis- and Trans-HCFO-1233zd and the Cis- and Trans-HFO-1336mzz
,”
J. Chem. Eng. Data
,
60
(
8
), pp.
2412
2419
.
22.
Huo
,
E. G.
,
Liu
,
C.
,
Xu
,
X. X.
, and
Dang
,
C. B.
,
2017
, “
A ReaxFF-Based Molecular Dynamics Study of the Pyrolysis Mechanism of HFO-1336mzz(Z)
,”
Int. J. Refrig.
,
83
, pp.
118
130
.
23.
Alam
,
M. J.
,
Islam
,
M. A.
,
Kariya
,
K.
, and
Miyara
,
A.
,
2017
, “
Measurement of Thermal Conductivity of Cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-Hexafluoro-2-Butene (R-1336mzz(Z)) by the Transient Hotwire Method
,”
Int. J. Refrig.
,
84
, pp.
220
227
.
24.
Tanaka
,
K.
,
Ishikawa
,
J.
, and
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2017
, “
pρT Property of HFO-1336mzz(E) (Trans-1,1,1,4,4,4-Hexafluoro-2-Butene)
,”
J. Chem. Eng. Data
,
62
(
8
), pp.
2450
2453
.
25.
Tanaka
,
K.
,
Ishikawa
,
J.
, and
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2017
, “
Thermodynamic Properties of HFO-1336mzz(E) (Trans-1,1,1,4,4,4-Hexafluoro-2-Butene) at Saturation Conditions
,”
Int. J. Refrig.
,
82
, pp.
283
287
.
26.
Minor
,
B. H.
,
Kontomaris
,
K.
, and
Leck
,
T. J.
,
2010
, “
Chiller Apparatus Containing Cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-Hexafluoro-2-Butene and Methods of Producing Cooling Therein
,” Patent No. WO2010141669.
27.
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2012
, “
Producing Heating Using Working Fluids Comprising z-1,1,1,4,4,4-Hexafluoro-2-Butene
,” Patent No. WO2012106305.
28.
Kontomaris
,
K.
,
2011
, “
Composition Comprising Cis-1,1,1,4,4,4-Hexafluoro-2-Butene and Trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene, Apparatus Containing Same and Methods of Producing Cooling Therein
,” Patent No. WO2011034929.
29.
Ren, J. L.
,
Chen, J. J.
,
Yue, H. B.
, and
Du X. G.
,
2004
, “
The Method of Performance Test for Positive Displacement Refrigerant Compressors
,” Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China, Beijing, China, Standard No. GB/T 5773-2004.
30.
Xuan
,
Y. M.
, and
Chen
,
G. M.
,
2005
, “
Experimental Study on HFC-161 Mixture as an Alternative Refrigerant to R502
,”
Int. J. Refrig.
,
28
(
3
), pp.
436
441
.
31.
Han
,
X. H.
,
Qiu
,
Y.
,
Li
,
P.
,
Xu
,
Y. J.
,
Wang
,
Q.
, and
Chen
,
G. M.
,
2012
, “
Cycle Performance Studies on HFC-161 in a Small-Scale Refrigeration System as an Alternative Refrigerant to HFC-410A
,”
Energy Build.
,
44
, pp.
33
38
.
32.
Jabaraj
,
D. B.
,
Narendran
,
A.
,
Mohan Lal
,
D.
, and
Renganarayanan
,
S.
,
2007
, “
Evolving an Optimal Composition of HFC-407C/HC-290/HC-600a Mixture as an Alternative to HCFC-22 in Window Air Conditioners
,”
Int. J. Therm. Sci.
,
46
(
3
), pp.
276
283
.
You do not currently have access to this content.