Three-dimensional Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations with shear stress transport turbulence model are used to analyze the film cooling effectiveness on a flat plate having single row of film hole involving cylindrical hole (CH) and laidback hole (LBH). The CH and LBH are inclined at 35 deg to the surface with a compound angle (β) orientation ranging from favorable to adverse inclination (i.e., β = 0–180 deg) and examined at high and low blowing ratios (M = 1.25 and 0.60). CH with an adverse compound angle of 135 deg gives the highest area-averaged film cooling effectiveness in comparison with LBH configuration. Also, CH β = 135 deg film hole shows a higher lateral coolant spread. Later, double jet film cooling (DJFC) concept is studied for this CH. In all the cases, the first hole compound angle is fixed as 135 deg, and the second hole angle is varied from 135 deg to 315 deg. At high blowing ratio, the dual jet cylindrical hole (DJCH) with β = 135 deg, 315 deg gives a higher area-averaged film cooling effectiveness by around 66.50% compared to baseline CH β = 0 deg. On comparing all CH, LBH, and DJCH cases, the highest area-averaged film cooling effectiveness is obtained by CH configuration with β = 135 deg. Hence, the CH with its adverse compound angle (β = 135 deg) orientation could be an appropriate film cooling configuration for gas turbine blade cooling.

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