Vortex generators (VG) are widely used in multifunctional heat exchangers/reactors for augmenting the heat transfer from fin plates to the working fluid. In this study, numerical simulations for longitudinal VGs are performed for both laminar and turbulent flow regimes. The shear-stress transport (SST) κω model is used for modeling turbulence. Inclination angle for a new streamlined VG configuration called inclined projected winglet pair (IPWP) was varied to study the effect of this angle on the heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to deduce the inclination angle effects on heat transfer, pressure drop, and vorticity from both local and global points of view. Such study highlights the optimization for this VG configuration for better heat transfer intensification, based on thermal enhancement factor (TEF). Finally, it is found that the VG with inclination angle ranging from 30 deg to 35 deg exhibits the best global performance compared to other inclination angles. This type of studies is important for the enhancement of the thermal performance of heat exchangers and static mixers in various engineering applications.

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