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Keywords: ray tracing
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Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. June 2021, 143(3): 031006.
Paper No: SOL-20-1032
Published Online: October 6, 2020
...H. Evan Bush; Andrew J. Schrader; Peter G. Loutzenhiser A novel method for pairing surface irradiation and volumetric absorption from Monte Carlo ray tracing to computational heat transfer models is presented. The method is well-suited to directionally and spatially complex concentrated radiative...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J. Sol. Energy Eng. April 2015, 137(2): 021014.
Paper No: SOL-13-1329
Published Online: April 1, 2015
.../y) 76.8 60.3 73.8 93.6 Electrical pump (GJ/yr) 2.0 1.67 2.44 2.41 Temperature delivered by preheat tank (°C) 98.5 76.9 95.4 112.6 The optical efficiency and IAM of the MCT collector was calculated via ray tracing. According to these results, the optical efficiency...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2013, 135(3): 034501.
Paper No: SOL-12-1112
Published Online: April 29, 2013
... April 29, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Akiba Segal. 30 04 2012 02 02 2013 The optical performance of a novel solar concentrator consisting of a 400 spherical heliostat array and a linked two-axis tracking system is analyzed using the Monte Carlo ray-tracing technique. The optical efficiency...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2012, 134(1): 011004.
Published Online: November 1, 2011
... at stagnation conditions for 35 kW solar radiative power input under mean solar concentration ratios of 2000 suns and nominal temperatures up to 1600 K. A heat transfer model coupling radiation, conduction, and convection is formulated by Monte Carlo ray-tracing, finite volume, and finite element techniques...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2011, 133(4): 044501.
Published Online: October 13, 2011
... and shown to be equivalent to the well-known Rayleigh distribution obtained by transforming the bivariate circular Gaussian distribution into polar coordinates. The corresponding inverse cumulative distribution function applied in Monte Carlo ray-tracing simulations, which gives the dispersion angle...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2011, 133(4): 041009.
Published Online: October 13, 2011
... energy in order to get the heat flux and temperature needed by the reaction. The directional characteristics of the power distribution of the incident concentrated solar radiation were calculated with the ray tracing code tonalli [( 13 )]. A schematic diagram of the simulated system is depicted...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2011, 133(3): 031020.
Published Online: August 5, 2011
... fluent for a heliostat field and a dish concentrator, which are validated by comparison to results from delsol and the ray-tracing code asap , respectively. 12 05 2011 17 05 2011 05 08 2011 05 08 2011 The second step is to determine the directional distribution of radiation...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2011, 133(3): 031016.
Published Online: July 28, 2011
... profile that approaches the trough parabolic shape. An analytical model of the mechanical behavior of the membrane mirror construction coupled to a Monte Carlo ray-tracing simulation is formulated and applied for design and optimization and for elucidating the influence of manufacturing and operational...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2011, 133(1): 011013.
Published Online: February 3, 2011
... of a 6.5 kW e xenon arc lamp close-coupled to a precision reflector in the shape of a truncated ellipsoid. The size and shape of each reflector is optimized by a Monte Carlo ray tracing analysis to achieve multiple design objectives, including high transfer efficiency of radiation from the lamps...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2010, 132(3): 031013.
Published Online: June 21, 2010
... suns to assess the implications of using reduced solar concentration. Solar field design and determination of field efficiency were accomplished using ray trace modeling of the optical components. Annual solar efficiency increased while heliostat area decreased with increasing concentration due...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2010, 132(1): 014501.
Published Online: January 11, 2010
...R. Bader; A. Steinfeld An integral methodology is formulated to analytically derive the exact profile of a solar trough concentrator that delivers a uniform radiative flux distribution over a flat rectangular target area at the focal plane. The Monte Carlo ray-tracing technique is applied to verify...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2009, 131(3): 031007.
Published Online: June 29, 2009
... cylindrical concentrator. The optimal design is formulated for maximum solar flux concentration. The Monte Carlo ray-tracing technique is applied to determine the effect of reflective surface errors and structural beam deformations on the performance of the combined primary and secondary concentrating system...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2009, 131(3): 031002.
Published Online: June 10, 2009
...B. Belhomme; R. Pitz-Paal; P. Schwarzbözl; S. Ulmer A completely new ray tracing software has been developed at the German Aerospace Center. The main purpose of this software is the flux density simulation of heliostat fields with a very high accuracy in a small amount of computation time...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2009, 131(1): 011004.
Published Online: January 6, 2009
... performance. The optical ray-tracing model of PTC conceived for this purpose uses photogrammetrically measured concentrator geometry in commercial Monte Carlo ray-tracing software. The model has been verified with measurements of a scanning flux measurement system, measuring the solar flux density...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2008, 130(1): 014503.
Published Online: January 7, 2008
..., or faceted. The numerical calculations were made using the convolution ray tracing technique. Arqueros , F. , Jimenez , A. , and Valverde , A. , 2003 , “ A Novel Procedure for the Optical Characterization of Solar Concentrators ,” Sol. Energy 0038-092X 10.1016/j.solener.2003.07.008...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2008, 130(1): 011015.
Published Online: December 28, 2007
... slope errors not only give the total concentrator error for general characterization of the dish but also indicate systematic errors from fabrication and installation with a high spatial resolution. In order to verify the quality of the results obtained, a ray-tracing code was developed that calculates...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2008, 130(1): 011010.
Published Online: December 28, 2007
... specific weight and higher specific drive power. These drawbacks are avoided when small heliostats are coupled. At the torque tube heliostat (TTH), the mirrors are mounted on torque tubes to simplify the coupling mechanism for the elevation angle. Ray tracing calculations were done to obtain optimized...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2007, 129(4): 405–411.
Published Online: August 25, 2006
... an array of ten Xe arcs, each close-coupled with ellipsoidal specular reflectors of common focus. Its optical design, main engineering features, and operating performance are described. The Monte Carlo ray-tracing technique is applied to optimize the geometrical configuration for maximum source-to-target...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2007, 129(2): 160–170.
Published Online: August 25, 2006
... and the internal surfaces of the receiver. The direct illumination energy source that results from incident solar radiation was predicted by a solar load model using a solar ray-tracing algorithm. Two kinds of solid-particle receivers, each having a different exit condition for the solid particles, are modeled...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Sol. Energy Eng. May 2007, 129(2): 147–152.
Published Online: June 18, 2006
.... These are based on photogrammetry, flux mapping, ray tracing, and advanced thermal testing. They can be used to assure the collector quality during construction and for acceptance tests of the solar field. The methods have been applied on EuroTrough collectors, cross checked, and compared. This paper summarizes...