Abstract

Solar air heater (SAH) is one of many applications of solar energy, but it has low thermal performance. To cater to this issue, a novel corrugated jet-impinging channel has been proposed for the absorbing plate of SAHs. The Nusselt number, pressure loss pumping power, and friction factor were computed by experimental and numerical studies for three different arrangements of jets, i.e., 1 × 1 square, 2 × 2, and 3 × 3 jet array with three target plates, i.e., smooth, trapezoidal, and sinusoidal corrugated plates over the Reynolds number range of 1740–2700 and jet-to-target plate spacing of 5.1–14.6. It was observed that jet-to-target plate distance and multiple jets impinging can affect the heat transfer enhancement significantly. An optimization study has been performed using the statistical Taguchi method. The optimum value of Nusselt number was found for the trapezoidal corrugated target plate, with 3 × 3 multiple jet impingement, jet-to-target plate distance of 5.1, and Reynolds number value of 2700, while the optimum value of friction factor was found for 3 × 3 jet impingement. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and experimental data are found to be in good agreement. An increase of 11 times was observed in the thermal performance factor as compared to the base case. Trapezoidal corrugation seems to be the effective profile for SAHs.

Graphical Abstract Figure
Graphical Abstract Figure
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