Abstract

Thermal performance of the single basin solar still (SBSS) with and without a storage material is presented experimentally and theoretically. New configuration of the SBSS by using soft drink cans filled with sand, fixed on the upper surface of the basin liner, as a sensible storage material is investigated. A mathematical model (using Pascal language) is developed to verify the thermal performance of the SBSS. Comparisons between experimental and theoretical (obtained from the mathematical model) results are carried out for validating the proposed mathematical model. Parameters affecting the thermal performance of the SBSS such as the masses of the basin water and storage material, heat transfer coefficients, and top losses are investigated. The top losses (Ut) for the SBSS with sand is higher than that without sand by about 27.47%. The daily productivity (Pd) and efficiency (ηd) of the SBSS with sand is more than that without sand by about 31.44 and 23.12%, respectively. This experiment is environmentally friendly by using 126 of the used empty soft drink cans.

References

1.
Kabeel
,
A. E.
,
Muthu Manokar
,
A.
,
Sathyamurthy
,
R.
,
Prince Winston
,
D.
,
El-Agouz
,
S. A.
, and
Chamkha
,
A. J.
,
2018
, “
A Review on Different Design Modifications Employed in Inclined Solar Still for Enhancing the Productivity
,”
ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng.
,
141
(
3
), p.
031007
.
2.
Samuel
,
D. G. H.
,
Nagarajan
,
P. K.
,
Sathyamurthy
,
R.
,
El-Agouz
,
S. A.
, and
Kannan
,
E.
,
2016
, “
Improving the Yield of Fresh Water in Conventional Solar Still Using Low Cost Energy Storage Material
,”
Energy Convers. Manage.
,
112
, pp.
125
134
.
3.
Deshmukh
,
H. S.
, and
Thombre
,
S. B.
,
2017
, “
Solar Distillation With Single Basin Solar Still Using Sensible Heat Storage Materials
,”
Desalination
,
410
, pp.
91
98
.
4.
Dumka
,
P.
,
Sharma
,
A.
,
Kushwah
,
Y.
,
Raghav
,
A. S.
, and
Mishra
,
D. R.
,
2019
, “
Performance Evaluation of Single Slope Solar Still Augmented With Sand-Filled Cotton Bags
,”
J. Energy Storage
,
25
, p.
10888
.
5.
Elashmawy
,
M.
,
2020
, “
Improving the Performance of a Parabolic Concentrator Solar Tracking Tubular Solar Still (PCST-TSS) Using Gravel as a Sensible Heat Storage Material
,”
Desalination
,
473
, p.
114182
.
6.
Patel
,
P.
, and
Kumar
,
R.
,
2016
, “
Comparative Performance Evaluation of Modified Passive Solar Still Using Sensible Heat Storage Material and Increased Frontal Height
,”
Procedia Technol.
,
23
, pp.
431
438
.
7.
Cuce
,
E.
,
Cuce
,
P. M.
,
Saxena
,
A.
,
Guclu
,
T.
, and
Besir
,
A. B.
,
2020
, “
Performance Analysis of a Novel Solar Desalination System–Part 1: The Unit With Sensible Energy Storage and Booster Reflector Without Thermal Insulation and Cooling System
,”
Sustainable Energy Technol. Assess.
,
37
, p.
100566
.
8.
Murugavel
,
K. K.
,
Sivakumar
,
S.
,
Ahamed
,
J. R.
,
Chockalingam
,
K. K.
, and
Srithar
,
K.
,
2010
, “
Single Basin Double Slope Solar Still With Minimum Basin Depth and Energy Storing Materials
,”
Appl. Energy
,
87
(
2
), pp.
514
523
.
9.
Arjunan
,
T. V.
,
Aybar
,
H. S.
,
Sadagopan
,
P.
,
Chandran
,
B. S.
,
Neelakrishnan
,
S.
, and
Nedunchezhian
,
N.
,
2014
, “
The Effect of Energy Storage Materials on the Performance of a Simple Solar Still
,”
Energy Sources Part A: Recovery Util. Environ. Effects
,
36
(
2
), pp.
131
141
.
10.
Nasri
,
B.
,
Benatiallah
,
A.
,
Kalloum
,
S.
, and
Benatiallah
,
D.
,
2019
, “
Improvement of Glass Solar Still Performance Using Locally Available Materials in the Southern Region of Algeria
,”
Groundwater Sustainable Dev.
,
9
, p.
100258
.
11.
Kabeel
,
A. E.
,
Abdelgaied
,
M.
, and
Essa
,
A.
,
2018
, “
Enhancing the Performance of Single Basin Solar Still Using High Thermal Conductivity Sensible Storage Materials
,”
J. Cleaner Prod.
,
183
, pp.
20
25
.
12.
Sahoo
,
B. B.
, and
Subudhi
,
C.
,
2019
, “
Performance Enhancement of Solar Still by Using Reflectors-Jute Cloth-Improved Glass Angle
,”
J. Eng. Res.
,
16
(
1
), pp.
1
10
.
13.
Kabeel
,
A. E.
,
El-Agouz
,
S. A.
,
Sathyamurthy
,
R.
, and
Arunkumar
,
T.
,
2018
, “
Augmenting the Productivity of Solar Still Using Jute Cloth Knitted With Sand Heat Energy Storage
,”
Desalination
,
443
, pp.
122
129
.
14.
El-Sebaii
,
A. A.
,
Yaghmour
,
S. J.
,
Al-Hazmi
,
F. S.
,
Faidah
,
A. S.
,
Al-Marzouki
,
F. M.
, and
Al-Ghamdi
,
A. A.
,
2009
, “
Active Single Basin Solar Still With a Sensible Storage Medium
,”
Desalination
,
249
(
2
), pp.
699
706
.
15.
Bilal
,
A.
,
Jamil
,
B.
,
Haque
,
N. H.
, and
Ansari
,
M. A.
,
2019
, “
Investigating the Effect of Pumice Stones Sensible Heat Storage on the Performance of a Solar Still
,”
Groundwater Sustainable Dev.
,
9
, p.
100228
.
16.
Omara
,
Z. M.
, and
Kabeel
,
A. E.
,
2014
, “
The Performance of Different Sand Beds Solar Stills
,”
Int. J. Green Energy
,
11
(
3
), pp.
240
254
.
17.
Sathish
,
D.
,
Veeramanikandan
,
M.
, and
Tamilselvan
,
R.
,
2020
, “
Design and Fabrication of Single Slope Solar Still Using Metal Matrix Structure as Energy Storage
,”
Mater. Today Proc.
,
27
(
Part 1
), pp.
1
5
.
18.
Sharshir
,
S. W.
,
Yang
,
N.
,
Peng
,
G.
, and
Kabeel
,
A. E.
,
2016
, “
Factors Affecting Solar Stills Productivity and Improvement Techniques: A Detailed Review
,”
Appl. Therm. Eng.
,
100
, pp.
267
284
.
19.
Harris Samuel
,
D. G.
,
Nagarajan
,
P. K.
,
Arunkumar
,
T.
,
Kannan
,
E.
, and
Sathyamurthy
,
R.
,
2016
, “
Enhancing the Solar Still Yield by Increasing the Surface Area of Water—A Review
,”
Environ. Prog. Sustainable Energy
,
35
(
3
), pp.
815
822
.
20.
Kabeel
,
A. E.
,
Abdelaziz
,
G. B.
, and
El-Said
,
E. M. S.
,
2019
, “
Experimental Investigation of a Solar Still With Composite Material Heat Storage: Energy, Exergy and Economic Analysis
,”
J. Cleaner Prod.
,
231
, pp.
21
34
.
21.
Patel
,
M.
,
Patel
,
C.
, and
Panchal
,
H.
,
2020
, “
Performance Analysis of Conventional Triple Basin Solar Still With Evacuated Heat Pipes, Corrugated Sheets and Storage Materials
,”
Groundwater Sustainable Dev.
,
11
, p.
100387
.
22.
Arunkumar
,
T.
,
Wang
,
J.
,
Dsilva Winfred Rufuss
,
D.
,
Denkenberger
,
D.
, and
Kabeel
,
A. E.
,
2020
, “
Sensible Desalting: Investigation of Sensible Thermal Storage Materials in Solar Stills
,”
J. Energy Storage
,
32
, p.
101824
.
23.
Sharma
,
V. B.
, and
Mullick
,
S. C.
,
1991
, “
Estimation of Heat Transfer Coefficients, the Upward Heat Flow and Evaporation in a Solar Still
,”
ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng.
,
113
, pp.
6
41
.
24.
Tiwari
,
A. K.
, and
Tiwari
,
G. N.
,
2008
, “
Effect of Cover Inclination and Water Depth on Performance of a Solar Still for Indian Climatic Conditions
,”
ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng.
,
130
(
2
), p.
024502
.
25.
Tiwari
,
G. N.
,
Tiwari
,
A.
, and
Shyam
,
A.
,
2016
,
Handbook of Solar Energy: Theory, Analysis and Applications
,
Springer Science + Business Media
,
Singapore
.
26.
Duffie
,
J. A.
, and
Beckman
,
W. A.
,
2013
,
Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes
, 4th ed.,
John Wiley & Sons
,
New York
.
27.
Dunkle
,
R. V.
,
1961
, “
Solar Water Distillation: The Roof Type Still and a Multiple Effect Diffusion Still
,”
International Developments in Heat Transfer. Univ Colorado
,
Part 5
, pp.
895
902
.
28.
Ossie
,
N. M.
,
1988
,
Heat Transfer
,
McGraw-Hill
,
New York
.
29.
Altarawneh
,
I.
,
Rawadieh
,
S.
,
Batiha
,
M.
,
Al-Makhadmeh
,
L.
,
Alrowwad
,
S.
, and
Tarawneh
,
M.
,
2017
, “
Experimental and Numerical Performance Analysis and Optimization of Single Slope, Double Slope and Pyramidal Shaped Solar Stills
,”
Desalination
,
423
, pp.
124
134
.
30.
Rahbar
,
N.
, and
Esfahani
,
J. A.
,
2013
, “
Productivity Estimation of a Single-Slope Solar Still: Theoretical and Numerical Analysis
,”
Energy
,
49
, pp.
289
297
.
You do not currently have access to this content.