Abstract

The use of artificial roughness is an efficient and commercial way to appreciate the thermal performance from the collector to the air in solar air heater ducts, for numerous applications such as space-heating, crop-drying, and seasoning of timber industrial purpose. In this paper, the tentative inquiry on thermal enactment using new-fangled of three-sided roughened quadrilateral duct solar air heater having an alignment of multiple-v and transverse wire is performed and compared the outcomes with smooth duct air heater under similar operational circumstances. The modification of an arrangement and operational constraints is inspected within the restrictions, the moral of four-sided duct aspect ratio (W/H) = 8, the Reynolds number occupied from 3000 to 12,000, fraction of pitch to roughness height, P/e in the range of 10–25; ratio of roughness height to hydraulic diameter, e/D in the range of 0.018–0.042; at flow attack angle, α = 60 deg for constant moral of relative roughness width, (W/w) = 6. The augmentation on thermal efficiency in three-sided rugged duct is found to be 23–86% when compared to smooth duct, and the maximum thermal efficiency can occur at P/e = 10 and e/D = 0.042. The enhancement in air temperature flowing under three-sided roughened duct is found to be 49.27% more than that of a smooth duct. The instant innovative form of three-sided roughened solar air warmer would be preferable to those of a smooth solar air heater with respect to heat assignment.

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