Abstract

Most countries have a national weather station. In Côte d’Ivoire, it is the Aeronautical and Meteorological Exploitation Company (SODEXAM) which is in charge of it through its databank. The inaccessibility of these data leads many solar energy entrepreneurs to move toward free sites that are often out of phase with the meteorological realities of the area considered. We propose in this paper, a comparative study of two sunshine measurement techniques, namely, the technique of the heliograph and that of the thermoelectric pyranometer, to discuss the reliability of the data provided by these techniques, but also to analyze the seasonal variations of the insolation of Abidjan from 1978 to 2017. The comparison of the results produced by these two approaches showed a discrepancy of up to 43%, with much higher values for the national station. The analysis of the solar field of this city over a period of 19 years has shown a great variability of the solar energy potential which starts from a decrease in energy, from 4447 Wh/m2 (1978–1988) to 3303 Wh/m2 (2003–2009), to achieve an energy increase up to 4782 Wh/m2 (2016–2017). The solar year has been characterized in three solar seasons depending on the mensuel solar irradiation.

References

References
1.
Monteny
,
B. A
, and
Lhomme
,
J. P
,
1981
, “
Etude du climat radiatif de la région sud-ouest de Côte d’Ivoire (zone Taï)
,” Rapport de l’Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer (ORSTOM), Centre ORSTOM d’Adiopodoumé, Côte d’Ivoire.
2.
Ramdé
,
E. W.
,
Azoumah
,
Y.
,
Rungundu
,
A.
, and
Tapsoba
,
G.
,
2011
, “
Solar Plants in West Africa: Site Selection and Potential Assessment
,” 6eme édition des Journées Scientifiques du 2iE, 4 au 8 Avril, Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).
3.
Ramdé
,
E. W.
,
Azoumah
,
Y.
,
Hammond
,
A. B.
,
Rungundu
,
A.
, and
Tapsoba
,
G.
,
2013
, “
Site Ranking and Potential Assessment for Concentrating Solar Power in West Africa
,”
Nat. Res.
,
4
(
1A
), pp.
146
153
. 10.4236/nr.2013.41a019
4.
Koua
,
B. K.
,
Koffi
,
P. M. E.
,
Gbaha
,
P.
, and
Touré
,
S.
,
2015
, “
Present Status and Overview of Potential of Renewable Energy in Cote d’Ivoire
,”
Renewable. Sustainable. Energy. Rev.
,
41
, pp.
907
914
. 10.1016/j.rser.2014.09.010
5.
Dajuma
,
A.
,
Yahaya
,
S.
,
Touré
,
S.
,
Diedhiou
,
A.
,
Adamou
,
R.
,
Konaré
,
A.
,
Sido
,
M.
, and
Golba
,
M.
,
2016
, “
Sensitivity of Solar Photovoltaic Panel Efficiency to Weather and Dust Over West Africa: Comparative Experimental Study Between Niamey (Niger) and Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire)
,”
Comput. Water, Energy, Environ. Eng.
,
5
(
4
), pp.
123
147
. 10.4236/cweee.2016.54012
6.
Matte
,
D.
,
2011
, “
Climatologie de l’ensoleillement au Québec
,” Maitrise (en Sciences Géographiques), Université Laval, Canada.
7.
O.M.M
,
1973
, “
Guides des instruments et des observations météorologiques
,” Organisation Météorologique Mondiale, 4e édition, Genève.
8.
Brou
,
T.
,
2010
, “
Etude technico-économique des technologies solaires en Côte d’Ivoire
,” Master (en Génie Energétique), Institut 2ie, Burkina Faso.
9.
Leduc
,
R.
,
et Calvet
,
C.
,
1981
, “
La mesure de la durée d’insolation
,”
Atmosphère-Océan
,
4
(
19
), pp.
380
382
. 10.1080/07055900.1981.9649122
10.
Duffie
,
J. A.
, and
Beckman
,
W. A.
,
2013
,
Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes
,
4th ed.
,
John Wiley and Sons
,
New York
.
11.
Verges
,
J.
,
1980
, “
Détermination d’un pas optimum d’intégration pour la méthode de Simpson
,”
Math. Comput. Simul.
,
3
(
22
), pp.
177
188
. 10.1016/0378-4754(80)90044-0
12.
Angström
,
A.
,
1923
, “
Solar and Terrestrial Radiation
,” Report to international commission for solar research on actinometric investigations of solar and atmospheric radiation, Utrecht.
13.
Dankassoua
,
M.
,
Madougou
,
S.
,
Aboubacar
,
A.
, and
Foulani
,
A.
,
2017
, “
Etude du rayonnement solaire global à Niamey de la période de prémousson et de la mousson de l’année 2013
,”
Revue des Energies Renouvelables
,
20
(
1
), pp.
131
146
.
14.
Salami
,
M.
,
Bouzgou
,
H.
, and
et Laissaoui
,
L.
,
2010
, “
Estimation de l’irradiation solaire globale dans la ville de M’Sila (Algérie)
,” 1ere Conférence Maghrébine sur les Matériaux de l’Energie, Université de Gafsa (Tunisie), janvier
15.
Driesse
,
A.
, and
Thevenard
,
D.
,
2002
, “
A Test of Suehrcke’s Sunshine-Radiation Relationship Using a Global Data Set
,”
Sol. Energy
,
2
(
72
), pp.
167
175
. 10.1016/s0038-092x(01)00082-2
16.
Drif
,
M.
, and
et Chikh
,
M.
,
2000
, “
Estimation de l’irradiation solaire par la logique floue
,” Revue des Energies Renouvelables, (Chemss), pp. 105–110.
17.
D.G.T.X.
,
1991
, “
Plan national de l’énergie: Situation énergétique existante. Les énergies renouvelables
,”
Direction et Contrôle des Grands Travaux, Côte d’Ivoire
,
2
(
6
), pp.
1
9
.
18.
Fassinou
,
W. F.
,
1997
, “
Réfrigérateur solaire photovoltaïque à trois compartiments avec batterie de froid: Etude, réalisation et analyse des irréversibilités
”, Doctorat 3eme cycle (en Sciences), Université Nationale de Côte d’Ivoire.
19.
Brigand
,
S.
,
2008
, “
Les principes de l’énergie solaire photovoltaïque
,” Techniques de Construction, Editions le Moniteur, pp.
17
35
.
You do not currently have access to this content.