Compared to solar photovoltaics, concentrated solar power (CSP) can store excessive solar thermal energy, extend the power generation, and levelize the mismatch between the demand and supply. Thermal energy storage (TES) system filled with phase change material (PCM) is a key to make CSP competitive, and it is also a promising indirect energy storage technique. It is of great interests to the solar thermal engineering community to apply the latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) system for large-scale CSP application, because PCMs can store more energy due to the latent heat during the melting/freezing process. Therefore, a comprehensive parametric analysis of LHTES system is necessary in order to identify the most sensitive ranges of various parameters to design the LHTES system with better systematic performances. In this study, unlike the existing parametric study based on dimensional parameters, we aimed to provide a more general analysis using dimensionless parameters; therefore, an 11-dimensionless-parameter space of LHTES system was developed, by considering the technical constraints (material properties and operation parameters), without economic constraints. The parametric study and sensitivity analysis were then performed based on a 1D enthalpy-based transient model, and the energy storage efficiency was used as the objective function to minimize the number of variables in the parameter space. It was found that Stanton number (St), dimensionless PCM radius (r/D), and void fraction (ε) are the three most important dimensionless parameters. It is expected that the discovery of this study can bring more discussions in the solar thermal engineering community about the implementation of LHTES system in CSP plant, to further explore the significances of these three dimensionless parameters to the operation of the LHTES system.

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